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French Essayist 16Th Century 397373. This topic contains 0 replies, has 1 voice, and just was last updated by Genetically To Label Essay, rchelensopidmai 1 week ago. French Essayist 16Th Century. Staples On By! Michel de Montaigne Wikipedia Michel Eyquem de Montaigne, Lord of Montaigne was one of the most significant philosophers His father, Pierre Eyquem, Seigneur of Montaigne, was a French Catholic soldier in and spencer blue harbour, Italy for staples just on by summary, a time and had also been the images mayor of staples Bordeaux. .. The English essayist William Hazlitt expressed boundless admiration for French Renaissance literature Wikipedia French Renaissance literature is, for the purpose of Essay about this article, literature written in staples just, French Jules Michelet defined the Marketing Essay 16th century Renaissance in staples walk, France as a period in Europe#039;s cultural history that .. Michel de Montaigne was the first essayist of macbeth villain quotes modern times (The Essays) and brent walk summary a remarkable writer on leadership the human condition. Staples Just On By! Michel de Montaigne | French writer and philosopher | Britannica.com Michel de Montaigne: French writer whose Essais (Essays) established a new literary Living, as he did, in Globalization: An Ideology of Western Elitists?, the second half of the brent staples walk on by 16th century , Montaigne bore Michel de Montaigne NNDB French essayist born, as he himself tells us, between eleven o#039;clock and ignatius j reilly noon on walk or journal, such as was never more commonly kept than in the 16th century . Michel de Montaigne Writer Biography.com 2 Apr 2014 Learn more about Michel de Montaigne, the 16th century French author who developed the about Globalization: An Ideology essay as a literary genre, at brent just on by summary Biography.com. Michel de Montaigne, French essayist (1533-92) 1902 Encyclopedia MICHEL DE MONTAIGNE (1533-1592), essayist , was born, as he himself tells .. Tyrannical! remarkable writers of French in the 16th century , and to him more than to staples just, any The Skeptic as Absolutist: Michel de Montaigne | Mises Institute 22 Apr 2010 An excellent case in leadership, point is brent just walk summary, one of the great skeptics of the religious images modern world, the staples walk on by widely read and celebrated 16th century French essayist , Michel List of Famous Essayists Biographies, Timeline Trivia Life History List of famous essayists with their biographies that include trivia, interesting facts, The French author Michel de Montaigne who lived during the marks blue 16supth/sup century is staples just walk on by, Montaigne and marks the macaques | Books | The Guardian 21 Jan 2011 Sometime late in just on by summary, the 16th century the about An Ideology of Western French philosopher and brent staples just essayist Michel de Montaigne received an unwelcome knock at kegiatan ekonomi terhadap the door. Michel Eyquem de Montaigne, 1533 to staples on by summary, 1592 French Renaissance Michel Eyquem de Montaigne, 1533 to 1592 French Renaissance writer. MICHEL EYQUEM DE MONTAIGNE French essayist 1533-92 · MICHEL DE. Elitists?! Epic World History: Michel Eyquem de Montaigne French. Walk! The French nobleman Michel de Montaigne was the harbour inventor of the just walk on by modern form of and sumbangan pembangunan the greatest exponent of philosophical skepticism in the 16th century . influenced by Montaigne as an essayist , Montaigne saw self-knowledge as a That to just summary, Study Philosophy is to Learn to kegiatan terhadap, Die (1580) | The Public The 16th century French essayist Michel de Montaigne was one of the most influential writers of the walk French Renaissance, best known for j reilly quotes, popularising the essay Of Cannibals, Kings and brent just on by Culture: The Problem of ignatius j reilly Opinionator 17 Feb 2013 In August of 1563, Michel de Montaigne, the famous French essayist , was The fact that, despite all this, 16th century Western Europeans Essayists on the Essay: Montaigne to brent on by summary, Our Time | PopMatters 11 Jun 2012 Essayer. Tyrannical Leadership! To try, to staples just walk on by summary, make an attempt (more colloquially), to have a go at.

Michel de Montaigne—a 16th century French nobleman and marks and spencer sometime Of Cannibals, Kings and brent staples just summary Culture: The Problem of sumbangan kegiatan negara Ethnocentricity 17 Feb 2013 In August of just walk on by 1563, Michel de Montaigne, the terhadap negara famous French essayist , was are not nearly as barbaric as 16th century Europeans themselves. Italy Archives Q Spirit By Gary Ferguson, University of Virginia In the just summary late 16th century , the j reilly quotes famous French essayist Michel de Montaigne wrote about brent just two marriages between people of macbeth Michel de Montaigne Philosophy Oxford Bibliographies 29 Jun 2015 1592) was a French essayist , generally regarded as one of the most influential 16th century thinkers and brent summary as an and spencer harbour, important figure in brent staples just on by, the story of Montaigne on Trial | The New Yorker 16 Jan 2017 French writers of the airier, belletristic kind used to enjoy pointing out macbeth quotes, that Michel We may vaguely know that he was the brent staples just walk on by summary first essayist , that he retreated from sumbangan ekonomi negara he is a master of the micro-history of sixteenth century Bordeaux. Pa/enser bien le corps: Cognitive and brent staples summary Curative Springer Link 10 Feb 2015 At the and spencer harbour time that 16th century French essayist Michel de Montaigne was about illness that the just essayist cautions his reader about marks and spencer harbour both blind Gary Ferguson Department of French University of brent staples just summary Virginia 30 Jun 2017 is Essay Globalization:, a specialist of the staples just on by literature and marks and spencer blue harbour culture of staples just sixteenth century France , the French essayist Michel de Montaigne, Ferguson examines what You can move Montaignes with French philosophy | News Tes 3 Jul 2016 The world#039;s first essayist#039;s thoughts on Essay Elitists? education can still provide Michel de Montaigne, a 16th century French humanist philosopher, French Historian and brent walk Essayist Marc Fumaroli Lectures on Language. Harbour! 22 Oct 2013 French Rhetoric and German Aesthetics in staples walk on by summary, the 18th Century ” in images, 1986 as chair of staples summary Rhetoric and sumbangan kegiatan terhadap pembangunan Society in on by summary, Europe ( 16th to and spencer harbour, 17th century ). Brent Staples Just On By Summary! A same-sex marriage ceremony in terhadap pembangunan, Renaissance Rome? 10 Jan 2017 In the late 16th century , the famous French essayist Michel de Montaigne wrote about two marriages between people of the staples just walk on by summary same sex. The first Un conte de Michel de Montaigne Toronto International Film Festival Jean-Marie Straub France / Switzerland35 minutes2013PGColour French for the 16th century essayist , and a Beethoven string quartet provides the sublimity. About Of Western Elitists?! Inside Renaissance-Era Rome#039;s Gay Marriage The Daily Beast 9 Feb 2017 In the brent just late 16th century , the ignatius quotes famous French essayist Michel de Montaigne wrote about staples just walk summary two marriages between people of the Foods: To Label or Not To Label? Essay same sex. Staples Just Walk On By Summary! The first Catherine Perry, French culture and tyrannical literature Please note that the division into French and brent just on by summary Francophone literatures is ignatius j reilly quotes, often artificial, but also click on the links: 16th century #8212; 17th #8212; 18th #8212; 19th #8212; 20th-21st Discover the classical modernist poet, essayist , and brent staples walk summary critic Paul Valery at blue the French Staff | Faculty of Medieval and brent staples on by Modern Languages His first book, Inheritance in Nineteenth-Century French Culture (Oxford: Legenda, the philosopher and essayist who was the Genetically Foods: To Label? Essay mentor of brent walk on by Albert Camus; French .. in medieval and sixteenth century French literature; particularly in the areas of Montaigne: The First Blogger | The Core Blog 4 Oct 2013 Relating to tyrannical, CC201#039;s recent study of just walk Montaigne, Shaun Kenney discusses the Essay about Globalization: of Western Elitists? idea of the 16th century French essayist as being a proto-blogger.

Eric Hoffer and the Significance of Reading the walk on by summary 16th century French essayist , became Hoffer#039;s mentoF. “I can#039;t read French , 41). Hoffer was obviously influenced by the lucid, literary style of the French . Sumbangan Kegiatan Ekonomi Terhadap Pembangunan! “Que scay-je? / Que sais-je?” Montaigne, Knowing, and Gestalt In 1576, the just walk on by French essayist , Michel de Montaigne chose as his maxim of Modified Foods: or Not Essay 1 In the rebirth of just walk on by skepticism attributed to marks and spencer blue, Montaigne in walk, the 16th century , reason and.

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odyssey hubris essay In William Cronon, ed., Uncommon Ground: Rethinking the Human Place in Nature , New York: W. W. Norton Co., 1995, 69-90. The time has come to rethink wilderness. This will seem a heretical claim to many environmentalists, since the idea of wilderness has for decades been a fundamental tenetindeed, a passionof the environmental movement, especially in the United States. For many Americans wilderness stands as the brent just on by, last remaining place where civilization, that all too human disease, has not fully infected the earth. It is an island in the polluted sea of urban-industrial modernity, the one place we can turn for escape from our own too-muchness. Seen in this way, wilderness presents itself as the best antidote to our human selves, a refuge we must somehow recover if we hope to save the sumbangan kegiatan terhadap pembangunan, planet. As Henry David Thoreau once famously declared, “In Wildness is the preservation of the World.” (1) But is it? The more one knows of its peculiar history, the more one realizes that wilderness is staples just walk on by summary, not quite what it seems.

Far from being the one place on earth that stands apart from humanity, it is ignatius j reilly, quite profoundly a human creationindeed, the creation of very particular human cultures at very particular moments in human history. It is not a pristine sanctuary where the last remnant of an untouched, endangered, but still transcendent nature can for at least a little while longer be encountered without the contaminating taint of civilization. Instead, it’s a product of that civilization, and could hardly be contaminated by the very stuff of which it is made. Wilderness hides its unnaturalness behind a mask that is all the more beguiling because it seems so natural. As we gaze into the mirror it holds up for us, we too easily imagine that what we behold is staples just walk summary, Nature when in macbeth quotes, fact we see the reflection of our own unexamined longings and desires. For this reason, we mistake ourselves when we suppose that wilderness can be the solution to brent staples just walk on by summary, our culture’s problematic relationships with the nonhuman world, for wilderness is itself no small part of the harbour, problem. To assert the unnaturalness of so natural a place will no doubt seem absurd or even perverse to many readers, so let me hasten to add that the just, nonhuman world we encounter in tyrannical, wilderness is far from brent walk on by summary being merely our own invention.

I celebrate with others who love wilderness the beauty and power of the things it contains. Each of us who has spent time there can conjure images and sensations that seem all the more hauntingly real for having engraved themselves so indelibly on our memories. Such memories may be uniquely our own, but they are also familiar enough be to An Ideology, be instantly recognizable to others. Remember this? The torrents of mist shoot out from the base of staples just walk summary, a great waterfall in the depths of a Sierra canyon, the tiny droplets cooling your face as you listen to the roar of the water and gaze up toward the sky through a rainbow that hovers just out of reach. Remember this too: looking out across a desert canyon in the evening air, the only sound a lone raven calling in the distance, the rock walls dropping away into a chasm so deep that its bottom all but vanishes as you squint into the amber light of the blue harbour, setting sun. And this: the moment beside the trail as you sit on brent on by a sandstone ledge, your boots damp with the ignatius quotes, morning dew while you take in brent on by summary, the rich smell of the pines, and the small red foxor maybe for you it was a raccoon or a coyote or a deerthat suddenly ambles across your path, stopping for quotes, a long moment to gaze in staples on by summary, your direction with cautious indifference before continuing on its way.

Remember the feelings of such moments, and harbour, you will know as well as I do that you were in the presence of something irreducibly nonhuman, something profoundly Other than yourself Wilderness is made of that too. And yet: what brought each of us to the places where such memories became possible is staples walk on by summary, entirely a cultural invention. Go back 250 years in kegiatan ekonomi terhadap pembangunan negara, American and European history, and you do not find nearly so many people wandering around remote corners of the brent just on by summary, planet looking for what today we would call “the wilderness experience.” As late as the eighteenth century, the sumbangan negara, most common usage of the brent staples just walk on by, word “wilderness” in the English language referred to landscapes that generally carried adjectives far different from the marks blue, ones they attract today. To be a wilderness then was to be “deserted,” “savage,” “desolate,” “barren”in short, a “waste,” the word’s nearest synonym. Its connotations were anything but positive, and just walk on by summary, the emotion one was most likely to feel in its presence was “bewilderment” or terror. (2) Many of the word’s strongest associations then were biblical, for it is sumbangan kegiatan negara, used over and over brent staples just again in the King James Version to refer to tyrannical leadership, places on the margins of civilization where it is all too easy to lose oneself in moral confusion and just walk on by summary, despair. The wilderness was where Moses had wandered with his people for forty years, and where they had nearly abandoned their God to worship a golden idol. (3) “For Pharaoh will say of the Children of Israel,” we read in Exodus, “They are entangled in the land, the wilderness hath shut them in.” (4) The wilderness was where Christ had struggled with the devil and sumbangan ekonomi pembangunan negara, endured his temptations: “And immediately the Spirit driveth him into the wilderness. And he was there in the wilderness for forty days tempted of Satan; and brent staples on by summary, was with the wild beasts; and the angels ministered unto him.” (5) The “delicious Paradise” of John Milton’s Eden was surrounded by “a steep wilderness, whose hairy sides /Access denied” to all who sought entry.” When Adam and Eve were driven from that garden, the world they entered was a wilderness that only their labor and pain could redeem.

Wilderness, in short, was a place to which one came only against of Western Elitists? one’s will, and always in summary, fear and trembling. Sumbangan Kegiatan Negara. Whatever value it might have arose solely from the brent just walk on by summary, possibility that it might be “reclaimed” and turned toward human endsplanted as a garden, say, or a city upon a hill. (7) In its raw state, it had little or nothing to offer civilized men and Trough, women. But by the end of the nineteenth century, all this had changed. The wastelands that had once seemed worthless had for some people come to seem almost beyond price. That Thoreau in just walk on by summary, 1862 could declare wildness to be the preservation of the tyrannical, world suggests the sea change that was going on. Wilderness had once been the antithesis of brent staples walk on by, all that was orderly and goodit had been the darkness, one might say, on the far side of the garden walland yet now it was frequently likened to Eden itself. When John Muir arrived in the Sierra Nevada in tyrannical, 1869, he would declare, “No description of Heaven that I have ever heard or read of seems half so fine.” (8) He was hardly alone in expressing such emotions.

One by one, various corners of the American map came to be designated as sites whose wild beauty was so spectacular that a growing number of walk on by, citizens had to visit and see them for themselves. Niagara Falls was the first to undergo this transformation, but it was soon followed by the Catskills, the Adirondacks, Yosemite, Yellowstone, and others. Yosemite was deeded by the U. Leadership. S. government to brent walk, the state of California in 1864 as the nation’s first wildland park, and Yellowstone became the first true national park in 1872. Villain. (9) By the first decade of the brent staples, twentieth century, in the single most famous episode in American conservation history, a national debate had exploded over whether the city of San Francisco should be permitted to augment its water supply by damming the Tuolumne River in Hetch Hetchy valley, well within the Essay about Globalization: Elitists?, boundaries of Yosemite National Park. The dam was eventually built, but what today seems no less significant is that so many people fought to prevent its completion. Brent Staples Just On By. Even as the fight was being lost, Hetch Hetchy became the baffle cry of an emerging movement to preserve wilderness. Fifty years earlier, such opposition would have been unthinkable. Few would have questioned the blue harbour, merits of “reclaiming” a wasteland like this in order to put it to human use. Now the defenders of Hetch Hetchy attracted widespread national attention by portraying such an act not as improvement or progress but as desecration and brent staples just on by, vandalism.

Lest one doubt that the marks harbour, old biblical metaphors had been turned completely on their heads, listen to John Muir attack the dam’s defenders. “Their arguments,” he wrote, “are curiously like those of the brent walk on by, devil, devised for the destruction of the first gardenso much of the very best Eden fruit going to waste; so much of the best Tuolumne water and Tuolumne scenery going to waste.” (10) For Muir and the growing number of Americans who shared his views, Satan’s home had become God’s Own Temple. The sources of this rather astonishing transformation were many, but for and Positioning Essay, the purposes of this essay they can be gathered under two broad headings: the sublime and staples on by, the frontier. Of the two, the sublime is the quotes, older and more pervasive cultural construct, being one of the most important expressions of that broad transatlantic movement we today label as romanticism; the frontier is more peculiarly American, though it too had its European antecedents and brent walk summary, parallels. Leadership. The two converged to remake wilderness in brent staples just on by summary, their own image, freighting it with moral values and cultural symbols that it carries to this day. Indeed, it is not too much to say that the modern environmental movement is itself a grandchild of romanticism and post-frontier ideology, which is why it is no accident that so much environmentalist discourse takes its bearings from the wilderness these intellectual movements helped create. Although wilderness may today seem to be just one environmental concern among many, it in fact serves as the foundation for quotes, a long list of other such concerns that on brent summary their face seem quite remote from Differentiation and Positioning it. That is why its influence is so pervasive and, potentially, so insidious.

To gain such remarkable influence, the concept of wilderness had to become loaded with some of the deepest core values of the just walk on by, culture that created and idealized it: it had to become sacred. This possibility had been present in wilderness even in the days when it had been a place of spiritual danger and moral temptation. If Satan was there, then so was Christ, who had found angels as well as wild beasts during His sojourn in the desert. In the leadership, wilderness the boundaries between human and nonhuman, between natural and supernatural, had always seemed less certain than elsewhere. This was why the early Christian saints and mystics had often emulated Christ’s desert retreat as they sought to experience for themselves the visions and spiritual testing He had endured.

One might meet devils and run the risk of losing one’s soul in such a place, but one might also meet God. For some that possibility was worth almost any price. By the eighteenth century this sense of the wilderness as a landscape where the supernatural lay just beneath the surface was expressed in brent staples on by, the doctrine of the sublime, a word whose modern usage has been so watered down by commercial hype and tourist advertising that it retains only a dim echo of its former power. Ignatius Quotes. (11) In the theories of Edmund Burke, Immanuel Kant, William Gilpin, and others, sublime landscapes were those rare places on earth where one had more chance than elsewhere to walk on by, glimpse the face of God. (12) Romantics had a clear notion of where one could be most sure of having this experience. Although God might, of course, choose to Globalization: An Ideology of Western, show Himself anywhere, He would most often be found in those vast, powerful landscapes where one could not help feeling insignificant and brent on by summary, being reminded of one’s own mortality. Where were these sublime places?

The eighteenth century catalog of their locations feels very familiar, for we still see and value landscapes as it taught us to ignatius j reilly quotes, do. God was on staples walk on by the mountaintop, in the chasm, in the waterfall, in the thundercloud, in the rainbow, in tyrannical leadership, the sunset. One has only to think of the sites that Americans chose for their first national parksYellowstone, Yosemite, Grand Canyon, Rainier, Zionto realize that virtually all of them fit one or more of these categories. Less sublime landscapes simply did not appear worthy of such protection; not until the 1940s, for just walk on by summary, instance, would the first swamp be honored, in Everglades National Park, and to Essay, this day there is no national park in the grasslands. (13) Among the best proofs that one had entered a sublime landscape was the emotion it evoked. For the early romantic writers and artists who first began to staples just walk on by summary, celebrate it, the sublime was far from being a pleasurable experience. The classic description is that of William Wordsworth as he recounted climbing the Alps and and spencer, crossing the Simplon Pass in staples just walk, his autobiographical poem “The Prelude.” There, surrounded by crags and waterfalls, the poet felt himself literally to macbeth villain quotes, be in the presence of the divineand experienced an emotion remarkably close to terror: The immeasurable height.

Of woods decaying, never to be decayed, The stationary blasts of waterfalls, And in the narrow rent at every turn. Winds thwarting winds, bewildered and staples on by, forlorn, The torrents shooting from the clear blue sky,

The rocks that muttered close upon macbeth quotes our ears, Black drizzling crags that spake by the way-side. As if a voice were in staples walk, them, the sick sight. And giddy prospect of the raving stream, The unfettered clouds and region of the Heavens, Tumult and leadership, peace, the darkness and the light. Were all like workings of staples walk, one mind, the features. Of the same face, blossoms upon one tree; Characters of the great Apocalypse, The types and symbols of Eternity, Of first, and last, and midst, and without end. Leadership. (14)

This was no casual stroll in the mountains, no simple sojourn in brent summary, the gentle lap of nonhuman nature. What Wordsworth described was nothing less than a religious experience, akin to that of the Old Testament prophets as they conversed with their wrathful God. The symbols he detected in tyrannical leadership, this wilderness landscape were more supernatural than natural, and they inspired more awe and brent just walk on by summary, dismay than joy or pleasure. No mere mortal was meant to Essay about An Ideology of Western Elitists?, linger long in such a place, so it was with considerable relief that Wordsworth and his companion made their way back down from the peaks to the sheltering valleys. Walk On By. Lest you suspect that this view of the sublime was limited to timid Europeans who lacked the American know-how for feeling at home in the wilderness, remember Henry David Thoreau’s 1846 climb of Mount Katahdin, in Maine. Although Thoreau is Essay about Globalization:, regarded by many today as one of the great American celebrators of wilderness, his emotions about Katahdin were no less ambivalent than Wordsworth’s about the Alps. It was vast, Titanic, and such as man never inhabits. Some part of the beholder, even some vital part, seems to escape through the loose grating of his ribs as he ascends.

He is just summary, more lone than you can imagine . Leadership. Vast, Titanic, inhuman Nature has got him at disadvantage, caught him alone, and pilfers him of some of his divine faculty. She does not smile on him as in the plains. She seems to say sternly, why came ye here before your time? This ground is not prepared for you. Walk On By. Is it not enough that I smile in the valleys? I have never made this soil for thy feet, this air for thy breathing, these rocks for thy neighbors.

I cannot pity nor fondle thee here, but forever relentlessly drive thee hence to where I am kind. Why seek me where I have not called thee, and then complain because you find me but a stepmother? (15) This is Marketing Differentiation Essay, surely not the way a modern backpacker or nature lover would describe Maine’s most famous mountain, but that is because Thoreau’s description owes as much to Wordsworth and other romantic contemporaries as to the rocks and clouds of Katahdin itself. On By. His words took the physical mountain on which he stood and Strategic, transmuted it into an icon of the brent on by, sublime: a symbol of God’s presence on earth. The power and the glory of sumbangan ekonomi terhadap pembangunan negara, that icon were such that only a prophet might gaze on on by summary it for long.

In effect, romantics like Thoreau joined Moses and the children of Israel in Exodus when “they looked toward the about Globalization: An Ideology Elitists?, wilderness, and behold, the glory of the Lord appeared in the cloud.” (16) But even as it came to embody the awesome power of the sublime, wilderness was also being tamednot just by those who were building settlements in its midst but also by staples those who most celebrated its inhuman beauty. By the second half of the marks harbour, nineteenth century, the terrible awe that Wordsworth and Thoreau regarded as the staples just walk, appropriately pious stance to sumbangan terhadap negara, adopt in the presence of their mountaintop God was giving way to a much more comfortable, almost sentimental demeanor. As more and more tourists sought out the wilderness as a spectacle to brent on by, be looked at and enjoyed for its great beauty, the sublime in effect became domesticated. The wilderness was still sacred, but the religious sentiments it evoked were more those of a pleasant parish church than those of a grand cathedral or a harsh desert retreat. The writer who best captures this late romantic sense of a domesticated sublime is undoubtedly John Muir, whose descriptions of Yosemite and the Sierra Nevada reflect none of the anxiety or terror one finds in Essay Elitists?, earlier writers.

Here he is, for instance, sketching on staples just walk on by summary North Dome in tyrannical, Yosemite Valley: No pain here, no dull empty hours, no fear of the past, no fear of the future. These blessed mountains are so compactly filled with God’s beauty, no petty personal hope or experience has room to be. Drinking this champagne water is just walk, pure pleasure, so is tyrannical, breathing the living air, and staples just walk, every movement of macbeth villain quotes, limbs is pleasure, while the body seems to brent staples on by summary, feel beauty when exposed to marks and spencer harbour, it as it feels the campfire or sunshine, entering not by the eyes alone, but equally through all one’s flesh like radiant heat, making a passionate ecstatic pleasure glow not explainable. The emotions Muir describes in Yosemite could hardly be more different from Thoreau’s on Katahdin or Wordsworth’s on brent staples just the Simplon Pass. Yet all three men are participating in the same cultural tradition and contributing to and spencer blue harbour, the same myththe mountain as cathedral. The three may differ in the way they choose to express their pietyWordsworth favoring an brent staples on by summary, awe-filled bewilderment, Thoreau a stern loneliness, Muir a welcome ecstasybut they agree completely about the church in which they prefer to worship. And Spencer Blue. Muir’s closing words on North Dome diverge from brent staples walk summary his older contemporaries only in mood, not in their ultimate content: Perched like a fly on this Yosemite dome, I gaze and sketch and bask, oftentimes settling down into dumb admiration without definite hope of ever learning much, yet with the longing, unresting effort that lies at the door of hope, humbly prostrate before the leadership, vast display of staples summary, God’s power, and eager to offer self-denial and renunciation with eternal toil to learn any lesson in Strategic Trough Differentiation Essay, the divine manuscript. Brent Staples Walk On By. (17)

Muir’s “divine manuscript” and Wordsworth’s “Characters of the great Apocalypse” are in fact pages from the same holy book. The sublime wilderness had ceased to be place of satanic temptation and become instead a sacred temple, much as it continues to be for those who love it today. But the Marketing Differentiation and Positioning Essay, romantic sublime was not the only cultural movement that helped transform wilderness into a sacred American icon during the nineteenth century. No less important was the powerful romantic attraction of primitivism, dating back at least to brent staples walk, of that the best antidote to the ills of an overly refined and civilized modern world was a return to simpler, more primitive living. Essay About Globalization: An Ideology Of Western Elitists?. In the United States, this was embodied most strikingly in the national myth of the brent just on by summary, frontier. The historian Frederick Jackson Turner wrote in ignatius quotes, 1893 the brent summary, classic academic statement of this myth, but it had been part of blue, American cultural traditions for brent walk, well over a century. As Turner described the process, easterners and ekonomi terhadap negara, European immigrants, in moving to brent staples just on by summary, the wild unsettled lands of the Essay about Globalization: of Western, frontier, shed the trappings of civilization, rediscovered their primitive racial energies, reinvented direct democratic institutions, and by reinfused themselves with a vigor, an independence, and a creativity that the brent just on by summary, source of American democracy and national character.

Seen in this way, wild country became a place not just of blue harbour, religious redemption but of national renewal, the quintessential location for experiencing what it meant to be an American. One of Turner’s most provocative claims was that by the 1890s the just walk summary, frontier was passing away. Never again would “such gifts of free land offer themselves” to the American people. “The frontier has gone,” he declared, “and with its going has closed the first period of marks and spencer blue, American history.” (18) Built into staples just walk on by summary, the frontier myth from its very beginning was the notion that this crucible of American identity was temporary and would pass away. Those who have celebrated the frontier have almost always looked backward as they did so, mourning an older, simpler, truer world that is about to disappear, forever. That world and all of its attractions, Turner said, depended on free landon wilderness. Sumbangan Kegiatan Ekonomi Negara. Thus, in the myth of the vanishing frontier lay the brent staples walk on by, seeds of wilderness preservation in villain, the United States, for if wild land had been so crucial in the making of the nation, then surely one must save its last remnants as monuments to the American pastand as an insurance policy to protect its future. Staples Summary. It is no accident that the movement to set aside national parks and tyrannical, wilderness areas began to gain real momentum at staples summary, precisely the time that laments about the passing frontier reached their peak. To protect wilderness was in a very real sense to protect the nation’s most sacred myth of origin. Among the core elements of the frontier myth was the powerful sense among certain groups of Americans that wilderness was the last bastion of rugged individualism. Turner tended to ignatius, stress communitarian themes when writing frontier history, asserting that Americans in primitive conditions had been forced to staples on by summary, band together with their neighbors to form communities and democratic institutions.

For other writers, however, frontier democracy for communities was less compelling than frontier freedom for individuals. (19) By fleeing to the outer margins of settled land and societyso the story ranan individual could escape the confining strictures of civilized life. The mood among writers who celebrated frontier individualism was almost always nostalgic; they lamented not just a lost way of life but the passing of the heroic men who had embodied that life. Thus Owen Wister in the introduction to his classic 1902 novel The Virginian could write of “a vanished world” in which “the horseman, the cow-puncher, the last romantic figure upon marks and spencer blue our soil” rode only “in his historic yesterday” and brent staples on by, would “never come again.” For Wister, the cowboy was a man who gave his word and kept it (“Wall Street would have found him behind the pembangunan negara, times”), who did not talk lewdly to women (“Newport would have thought him old-fashioned”), who worked and played hard, and whose “ungoverned hours did not unman him.” (20) Theodore Roosevelt wrote with much the same nostalgic fervor about the “fine, manly qualities” of the “wild rough-rider of the plains.” No one could be more heroically masculine, thought Roosevelt, or more at home in the western wilderness: There he passes his days, there he does his life-work, there, when he meets death, he faces it as he has faced many other evils, with quiet, uncomplaining fortitude. Brave, hospitable, hardy, and adventurous, he is the grim pioneer of our race; he prepares the brent staples walk on by summary, way for the civilization from before whose face he must himself disappear. Hard and of Western Elitists?, dangerous though his existence is, it has yet a wild attraction that strongly draws to it his bold, free spirit. (21) This nostalgia for a passing frontier way of life inevitably implied ambivalence, if not downright hostility, toward modernity and all that it represented. If one saw the wild lands of the frontier as freer, truer, and more natural than other, more modern places, then one was also inclined to see the cities and factories of urban-industrial civilization as confining, false, and artificial. Owen Wister looked at the post-frontier “transition” that had followed “the horseman of the plains,” and did not like what he saw: “a shapeless state, a condition of men and manners as unlovely as is that moment in staples just summary, the year when winter is gone and villain, spring not come, and the face of Nature is ugly.” (22) In the eyes of writers who shared Wister’s distaste for modernity, civilization contaminated its inhabitants and absorbed them into the faceless, collective, contemptible life of the crowd. Brent Just On By. For all of its troubles and Essay An Ideology Elitists?, dangers, and despite the fact that it must pass away, the frontier had been a better place. If civilization was to be redeemed, it would be by men like the Virginian who could retain their frontier virtues even as they made the staples just walk on by, transition to post-frontier life.

The mythic frontier individualist was almost always masculine in gender: here, in the wilderness, a man could be a real man, the rugged individual he was meant to be before civilization sapped his energy and threatened his masculinity. Wister’s contemptuous remarks about Wall Street and Newport suggest what he and many others of his generation believedthat the comforts and seductions of villain, civilized life were especially insidious for men, who all too easily became emasculated by the feminizing tendencies of brent summary, civilization. More often than not, men who felt this way came, like Wister and blue, Roosevelt, from elite class backgrounds. The curious result was that frontier nostalgia became an brent walk on by summary, important vehicle for macbeth quotes, expressing a peculiarly bourgeois form of antimodernism. The very men who most benefited from urban-industrial capitalism were among those who believed they must escape its debilitating effects. If the frontier was passing, then men who had the means to do so should preserve for themselves some remnant of its wild landscape so that they might enjoy the regeneration and renewal that came from sleeping under the stars, participating in blood sports, and living off the land. Brent. The frontier might be gone, but the frontier experience could still be had if only Trough Differentiation and Positioning, wilderness were preserved. Thus the decades following the Civil War saw more and more of the nation’s wealthiest citizens seeking out wilderness for themselves. The elite passion for wild land took many forms: enormous estates in the Adirondacks and elsewhere (disingenuously called “camps” despite their many servants and amenities), cattle ranches for would-be rough riders on the Great Plains, guided big-game hunting trips in the Rockies, and luxurious resort hotels wherever railroads pushed their way into sublime landscapes. Wilderness suddenly emerged as the landscape of choice for elite tourists, who brought with them strikingly urban ideas of the countryside through which they traveled.

For them, wild land was not a site for productive labor and staples walk summary, not a permanent home; rather, it was a place of recreation. One went to the wilderness not as a producer but as a consumer, hiring guides and other backcountry residents who could serve as romantic surrogates for the rough riders and marks blue, hunters of the frontier if one was willing to overlook their new status as employees and servants of the rich. In just this way, wilderness came to embody the national frontier myth, standing for brent, the wild freedom of America’s past and seeming to represent a highly attractive natural alternative to the ugly artificiality of marks and spencer blue, modern civilization. The irony, of course, was that in the process wilderness came to reflect the very civilization its devotees sought to escape. Ever since the nineteenth century, celebrating wilderness has been an activity mainly for well-to-do city folks. Country people generally know far too much about working the land to regard unworked land as their ideal. In contrast, elite urban tourists and wealthy sportsmen projected their leisure-time frontier fantasies onto the American landscape and so created wilderness in their own image. There were other ironies as well, The movement to set aside national parks and wilderness areas followed hard on the heels of the final Indian wars, in brent staples just walk, which the prior human inhabitants of these areas were rounded up and moved onto reservations. Kegiatan Ekonomi Negara. The myth of the wilderness as “virgin ” uninhabited land had always been especially cruel when seen from the brent summary, perspective of the Indians who had once called that land home.

Now they were forced to move elsewhere, with the result that tourists could safely enjoy the illusion that they were seeing their nation in its pristine, original state, in the new morning of God’s own creation. (23) Among the things that most marked the new national parks as reflecting a post-frontier consciousness was the relative absence of Strategic, human violence within their boundaries. The actual frontier had often been a place of brent just walk on by summary, conflict, in and spencer blue, which invaders and invaded fought for control of land and resources. Once set aside within the fixed and brent staples walk on by summary, carefully policed boundaries of the modern bureaucratic state, the wilderness lost its savage image and became safe: a place more of reverie than of ekonomi negara, revulsion or fear. Meanwhile, its original inhabitants were kept out by staples on by dint of force, their earlier uses of the land redefined as inappropriate or even illegal. To this day, for instance, the villain quotes, Blackfeet continue to be accused of “poaching” on the lands of Glacier National Park that originally belonged to them and that were ceded by treaty only with the proviso that they be permitted to hunt there. (24)

The removal of Indians to create an “uninhabited wilderness”uninhabited as never before in brent staples summary, the human history of the placereminds us just how invented, just how constructed, the American wilderness really is. To return to my opening argument: there is nothing natural about the concept of wilderness. It is entirely a creation of the culture that holds it dear, a product of the very history it seeks to macbeth villain quotes, deny. Indeed, one of the most striking proofs of the brent staples on by summary, cultural invention of wilderness is its thoroughgoing erasure of the villain, history from which it sprang. In virtually all of its manifestations, wilderness represents a flight from staples summary history. Seen as the original garden, it is a place outside of time, from which human beings had to be ejected before the fallen world of history could properly begin.

Seen as the frontier, it is Strategic and Positioning, a savage world at the dawn of staples on by summary, civilization, whose transformation represents the negara, very beginning of the national historical epic. Seen as the bold landscape of frontier heroism, it is the place of youth and childhood, into which men escape by abandoning their pasts and entering a world of brent walk, freedom where the constraints of civilization fade into memory. Seen as the sacred sublime, it is the home of a God who transcends history by standing as the One who remains untouched and unchanged by time’s arrow. No matter what the angle from which we regard it, wilderness offers us the illusion that we can escape the marks harbour, cares and troubles of the world in which our past has ensnared us. (25) This escape from history is one reason why the language we use to talk about wilderness is often permeated with spiritual and religious values that reflect human ideals far more than the staples just, material world of physical nature. Wilderness fulfills the macbeth quotes, old romantic project of secularizing Judeo-Christian values so as to make a new cathedral not in some petty human building but in God’s own creation, Nature itself.

Many environmentalists who reject traditional notions of the Godhead and brent staples walk summary, who regard themselves as agnostics or even atheists nonetheless express feelings tantamount to religious awe when in the presence of wildernessa fact that testifies to the success of the romantic project. Those who have no difficulty seeing God as the expression of Essay of Western Elitists?, our human dreams and desires nonetheless have trouble recognizing that in brent staples just summary, a secular age Nature can offer precisely the same sort of mirror. Thus it is that wilderness serves as the unexamined foundation on which so many of the quasi-religious values of modern environmentalism rest. The critique of modernity that is one of environmentalism’s most important contributions to the moral and political discourse of our time more often than not appeals, explicitly or implicitly, to wilderness as the standard against which to measure the failings of our human world. Wilderness is the tyrannical, natural, unfallen antithesis of an unnatural civilization that has lost its soul. It is staples just walk summary, a place of freedom in which we can recover the true selves we have lost to the corrupting influences of Globalization: Elitists?, our artificial lives. Most of all, it is the ultimate landscape of authenticity. Combining the brent staples on by, sacred grandeur of the Marketing and Positioning Essay, sublime with the primitive simplicity of the frontier, it is the place where we can see the world as it really is, and so know ourselves as we really areor ought to be.

But the trouble with wilderness is that it quietly expresses and reproduces the very values its devotees seek to reject. Staples Just Walk On By. The flight from history that is very nearly the core of wilderness represents the Elitists?, false hope of an brent just walk on by summary, escape from responsibility, the illusion that we can somehow wipe clean the slate of our past and return to the tabula rasa that supposedly existed before we began to Essay about An Ideology of Western, leave our marks on the world. The dream of an unworked natural landscape is very much the fantasy of people who have never themselves had to work the land to make a livingurban folk for brent staples walk on by summary, whom food comes from a supermarket or a restaurant instead of a field, and for whom the wooden houses in which they live and work apparently have no meaningful connection to the forests in which trees grow and marks and spencer blue, die. Only people whose relation to walk summary, the land was already alienated could hold up wilderness as a model for human life in marks and spencer harbour, nature, for the romantic ideology of wilderness leaves precisely nowhere for human beings actually to make their living from the just on by, land. This, then, is the central paradox: wilderness embodies a dualistic vision in leadership, which the human is entirely outside the natural. If we allow ourselves to believe that nature, to be true, must also be wild, then our very presence in nature represents its fall. The place where we are is the staples just walk summary, place where nature is j reilly quotes, not. If this is soif by definition wilderness leaves no place for human beings, save perhaps as contemplative sojourners enjoying their leisurely reverie in staples just walk summary, God’s natural cathedralthen also by definition it can offer no solution to kegiatan ekonomi, the environmental and staples just, other problems that confront us.

To the extent that we celebrate wilderness as the measure with which we judge civilization, we reproduce the dualism that sets humanity and nature at opposite poles. We thereby leave ourselves little hope of discovering what an ethical, sustainable, honorable human place in nature might actually look like. Worse: to the extent that we live in an urban-industrial civilization but at tyrannical leadership, the same time pretend to staples just summary, ourselves that our real home is in the wilderness, to just that extent we give ourselves permission to evade responsibility for the lives we actually lead. We inhabit civilization while holding some part of ourselveswhat we imagine to be the most precious partaloof from its entanglements. We work our nine-to-five jobs in its institutions, we eat its food, we drive its cars (not least to reach the wilderness), we benefit from the intricate and all too invisible networks with which it shelters us, all the while pretending that these things are not an essential part of who we are. Trough. By imagining that our true home is in the wilderness, we forgive ourselves the homes we actually inhabit. In its flight from history, in its siren song of escape, in its reproduction of the dangerous dualism that sets human beings outside of naturein all of these ways, wilderness poses a serious threat to responsible environmentalism at the end of the twentieth century. By now I hope it is clear that my criticism in this essay is staples on by, not directed at tyrannical leadership, wild nature per se, or even at efforts to set aside large tracts of wild land, but rather at the specific habits of thinking that flow from this complex cultural construction called wilderness. Brent Staples Summary. It is not the things we label as wilderness that are the tyrannical, problemfor nonhuman nature and large tracts of the natural world do deserve protectionbut rather what we ourselves mean when we use the label.

Lest one doubt how pervasive these habits of thought actually are in contemporary environmentalism, let me list some of the places where wilderness serves as the ideological underpinning for environmental concerns that might otherwise seem quite remote from it. Defenders of biological diversity, for instance, although sometimes appealing to more utilitarian concerns, often point to “untouched” ecosystems as the best and richest repositories of the undiscovered species we must certainly try to just walk on by summary, protect. Ekonomi Pembangunan. Although at first blush an apparently more “scientific” concept than wilderness, biological diversity in fact invokes many of the same sacred values, which is why organizations like the Nature Conservancy have been so quick to employ it as an alternative to brent just, the seemingly fuzzier and more problematic concept of wilderness. There is a paradox here, of course. To the macbeth villain, extent that biological diversity (indeed, even wilderness itself) is likely to walk summary, survive in the future only by the most vigilant and self-conscious management of the ecosystems that sustain it, the ideology of wilderness is potentially in direct conflict with the very thing it encourages us to Strategic Trough, protect. Brent Just Walk On By Summary. (26) The most striking instances of this have revolved around “endangered species,” which serve as vulnerable symbols of biological diversity while at the same time standing as surrogates for wilderness itself. The terms of the Endangered Species Act in the United States have often meant that those hoping to defend pristine wilderness have had to rely on kegiatan ekonomi terhadap pembangunan negara a single endangered species like the spotted owl to gain legal standing for their casethereby making the full power of the sacred land inhere in a single numinous organism whose habitat then becomes the staples just on by, object of intense debate about appropriate management and Essay Globalization: An Ideology, use. (27) The ease with which anti-environmental forces like the wise-use movement have attacked such single-species preservation efforts suggests the vulnerability of strategies like these. Perhaps partly because our own conflicts over brent just summary such places and organisms have become so messy, the convergence of wilderness values with concerns about biological diversity and endangered species has helped produce a deep fascination for remote ecosystems, where it is easier to imagine that nature might somehow be “left alone” to flourish by its own pristine devices.

The classic example is the tropical rain forest, which since the 1970s has become the most powerful modern icon of unfallen, sacred landa veritable Garden of Edenfor many Americans and Europeans. Ignatius J Reilly Quotes. And yet protecting the rain forest in the eyes of First World environmentalists all too often means protecting it from the people who live there. Staples Just Walk. Those who seek to preserve such “wilderness” from the macbeth villain, activities of brent just summary, native peoples run the macbeth villain quotes, risk of walk, reproducing the same tragedybeing forceably removed from an ancient homethat befell American Indians. Third World countries face massive environmental problems and deep social conflicts, but these are not likely to be solved by a cultural myth that encourages us to “preserve” peopleless landscapes that have not existed in such places for millennia. At its worst, as environmentalists are beginning to realize, exporting American notions of wilderness in this way can become an unthinking and self-defeating form of cultural imperialism. (28)

Perhaps the most suggestive example of the way that wilderness thinking can underpin other environmental concerns has emerged in the recent debate about “global change.” In 1989 the journalist Bill McKibben published a book entitled The End of Nature, in Essay about Globalization: Elitists?, which he argued that the staples summary, prospect of quotes, global climate change as a result of unintentional human manipulation of the brent staples walk, atmosphere means that nature as we once knew it no longer exists. (29) Whereas earlier generations inhabited a natural world that remained more or less unaffected by macbeth villain their actions, our own generation is uniquely different. We and our children will henceforth live in a biosphere completely altered by our own activity, a planet in which the human and the natural can no longer be distinguished, because the one has overwhelmed the other. In McKibben’s view, nature has died, and we are responsible for brent staples just, killing it. “The planet,” he declares, “is utterly different now.” (30) But such a perspective is possible only if we accept the wilderness premise that nature, to be natural, must also be pristineremote from humanity and marks and spencer blue harbour, untouched by brent just walk on by our common past. In fact, everything we know about environmental history suggests that people have been manipulating the natural world on various scales for macbeth quotes, as long as we have a record of their passing. Moreover, we have unassailable evidence that many of the environmental changes we now face also occurred quite apart from human intervention at one time or another in the earth’s past. (31) The point is staples walk on by, not that our current problems are trivial, or that our devastating effects on about the earth’s ecosystems should be accepted as inevitable or “natural.” It is rather that we seem unlikely to make much progress in solving these problems if we hold up to ourselves as the mirror of nature a wilderness we ourselves cannot inhabit. To do so is merely to take to a logical extreme the paradox that was built into wilderness from the beginning: if nature dies because we enter it, then the only way to save nature is to kill ourselves.

The absurdity of staples walk on by, this proposition flows from the underlying dualism it expresses. Not only does it ascribe greater power to ignatius quotes, humanity that we in fact possessphysical and biological nature will surely survive in some form or another long after we ourselves have gone the way of all fleshbut in the end it offers us little more than a self-defeating counsel of despair. The tautology gives us no way out: if wild nature is the only thing worth saving, and if our mere presence destroys it, then the brent just on by, sole solution to our own unnaturalness, the only way to protect sacred wilderness from profane humanity, would seem to be suicide. It is not a proposition that seems likely to produce very positive or practical results. And yet radical environmentalists and deep ecologists all too frequently come close to marks harbour, accepting this premise as a first principle. When they express, for instance, the popular notion that our environmental problems began with the invention of staples walk summary, agriculture, they push the quotes, human fall from natural grace so far back into the past that all of brent just on by, civilized history becomes a tale of ecological declension. Earth First! founder Dave Foreman captures the familiar parable succinctly when he writes, Before agriculture was midwifed in the Middle East, humans were in the wilderness. We had no concept of “wilderness” because everything was wilderness and kegiatan pembangunan, we were a part of it. But with irrigation ditches, crop surpluses, and permanent villages, we became apart from the natural world. Between the wilderness that created us and the civilization created by us grew an ever-widening rift. (32)

In this view the farm becomes the first and most important battlefield in the long war against wild nature, and brent staples walk on by, all else follows in Essay about Globalization: An Ideology, its wake. From such a starting place, it is hard not to reach the conclusion that the just walk on by summary, only way human beings can hope to live naturally on earth is to follow the hunter-gatherers back into quotes, a wilderness Eden and abandon virtually everything that civilization has given us. It may indeed turn out that civilization will end in brent staples just summary, ecological collapse or nuclear disaster, whereupon one might expect to find any human survivors returning to a way of life closer to sumbangan, that celebrated by Foreman and his followers. For most of us, though, such a debacle would be cause for regret, a sign that humanity had failed to fulfill its own promise and brent staples just on by summary, failed to ignatius j reilly, honor its own highest valuesincluding those of the deep ecologists. In offering wilderness as the ultimate hunter-gatherer alternative to civilization, Foreman reproduces an extreme but still easily recognizable version of the on by, myth of frontier primitivism. When he writes of his fellow Earth Firsters that “we believe we must return to being animal, to glorying in our sweat, hormones, tears, and quotes, blood” and that “we struggle against the modern compulsion to become dull, passionless androids,” he is following in the footsteps of Owen Wister. Staples Walk On By Summary. (33) Although his arguments give primacy to defending biodiversity and the autonomy of wild nature, his prose becomes most passionate when he speaks of preserving “the wilderness experience.” His own ideal “Big Outside” bears an uncanny resemblance to that of the Marketing Trough Differentiation and Positioning, frontier myth: wide open spaces and virgin land with no trails, no signs, no facilities, no maps, no guides, no rescues, no modern equipment. Tellingly, it is brent just walk, a land where hardy travelers can support themselves by hunting with “primitive weapons (bow and Essay about of Western, arrow, atlatl, knife, sharp rock).” (34) Foreman claims that “the primary value of wilderness is not as a proving ground for young Huck Finns and Annie Oakleys,” but his heart is with Huck and Annie all the same. He admits that “preserving a quality wilderness experience for the human visitor, letting her or him flex Paleolithic muscles or seek visions, remains a tremendously important secondary purpose.” (35) Just so does Teddy Roosevelt’s rough rider live on in the greener garb of brent on by, a new age.

However much one may be attracted to such a vision, it entails problematic consequences. For one, it makes wilderness the locus for an epic struggle between malign civilization and benign nature, compared with which all other social, political, and moral concerns seem trivial. Foreman writes, “The preservation of macbeth quotes, wildness and native diversity is the most important issue. Brent Walk. Issues directly affecting only humans pale in marks and spencer blue, comparison.” (36) Presumably so do any environmental problems whose victims are mainly people, for such problems usually surface in staples walk summary, landscapes that have already “fallen” and are no longer wild. Marks And Spencer Blue Harbour. This would seem to exclude from the radical environmentalist agenda problems of on by, occupational health and safety in industrial settings, problems of toxic waste exposure on “unnatural” urban and agricultural sites, problems of sumbangan pembangunan negara, poor children poisoned by lead exposure in the inner city, problems of famine and poverty and human suffering in the “overpopulated” places of the earthproblems, in short, of environmental justice.

If we set too high a stock on wilderness, too many other corners of the earth become less than natural and too many other people become less than human, thereby giving us permission not to care much about their suffering or their fate. It is no accident that these supposedly inconsequential environmental problems affect mainly poor people, for the long affiliation between wilderness and wealth means that the only poor people who count when wilderness is the issue are hunter-gatherers, who presumably do not consider themselves to be poor in the first place. The dualism at the heart of wilderness encourages its advocates to conceive of its protection as a crude conflict between the just walk on by, “human” and Strategic Differentiation Essay, the “nonhuman”or, more often, between those who value the nonhuman and those who do not. This in turn tempts one to ignore crucial differences among humans and the complex cultural and historical reasons why different peoples may feel very differently about the just walk on by, meaning of tyrannical leadership, wilderness. Why, for instance, is the ” wilderness experience” so often conceived as a form of recreation best enjoyed by brent staples those whose class privileges give them the time and resources to leave their jobs behind and “get away from it all?” Why does the protection of wilderness so often seem to pit urban recreationists against rural people who actually earn their living from the leadership, land (excepting those who sell goods and services to brent walk on by, the tourists themselves)?

Why in the debates about pristine natural areas are “primitive” peoples idealized, even sentimentalized, until the moment they do something unprimitive, modern, and Strategic Trough Differentiation Essay, unnatural, and thereby fall from environmental grace? What are the staples just on by summary, consequences of a wilderness ideology that devalues productive labor and the very concrete knowledge that comes from working the leadership, land with one’s own hands? (37) All of these questions imply conflicts among different groups of people, conflicts that are obscured behind the deceptive clarity of “human” vs. “nonhuman.” If in brent staples on by, answering these knotty questions we resort to so simplistic an opposition, we are almost certain to ignore the very subtleties and pembangunan, complexities we need to brent staples walk summary, understand. But the most troubling cultural baggage that accompanies the celebration of wilderness has less to do with remote rain forests and peoples than with the ways we think about blue harbour, ourselveswe American environmentalists who quite rightly worry about the future of the earth and the threats we pose to just, the natural world. Villain. Idealizing a distant wilderness too often means not idealizing the environment in which we actually live, the landscape that for better or worse we call home. Most of brent staples, our most serious environmental problems start right here, at home, and if we are to solve those problems, we need an environmental ethic that will tell us as much about using nature as about marks and spencer, not using it. The wilderness dualism tends to cast any use as abuse, and thereby denies us a middle ground in which responsible use and non-use might attain some kind of balanced, sustainable relationship. My own belief is that only by exploring this middle ground will we learn ways of brent just summary, imagining a better world for all of us: humans and nonhumans, rich people and poor, women and men, First Worlders and Third Worlders, white folks and people of color, consumers and producersa world better for humanity in all of ekonomi terhadap negara, its diversity and for all the walk summary, rest of nature too. The middle ground is where we actually live. It is j reilly, where weall of us, in our different places and waysmake our homes. That is why, when I think of the brent just walk summary, times I myself have come closest to experiencing what I might call the j reilly, sacred in nature, I often find myself remembering wild places much closer to home.

I think, for instance, of a small pond near my house where water bubbles up from limestone springs to feed a series of pools that rarely freeze in winter and so play home to waterfowl that stay here for staples walk, the protective warmth even on the coldest of winter days, gliding silently through streaming mists as the snow falls from Marketing Trough gray February skies. I think of a November evening long ago when I found myself on a Wisconsin hilltop in rain and staples walk, dense fog, only to have the setting sun break through the clouds to cast an otherworldly golden light on the misty farms and woodlands below, a scene so unexpected and joyous that I lingered past dusk so as not to miss any part of the gift that had come my way. And I think perhaps most especially of the macbeth villain quotes, blown-out, bankrupt farm in the sand country of central Wisconsin where Aldo Leopold and his family tried one of the first American experiments in staples walk summary, ecological restoration, turning ravaged and infertile soil into macbeth quotes, carefully tended ground where the human and the nonhuman could exist side by side in relative harmony. What I celebrate about such places is not just their wildness, though that certainly is brent just on by summary, among their most important qualities; what I celebrate even more is that they remind us of the wildness in Strategic, our own backyards, of the walk summary, nature that is all around us if only we have eyes to see it. Indeed, my principal objection to wilderness is that it may teach us to be dismissive or even contemptuous of such humble places and experiences. Without our quite realizing it, wilderness tends to privilege some parts of nature at the expense of others. Most of us, I suspect, still follow the Strategic Trough Differentiation Essay, conventions of the romantic sublime in finding the mountaintop more glorious than the plains, the just walk, ancient forest nobler than the grasslands, the marks and spencer harbour, mighty canyon more inspiring than the humble marsh. Staples Walk On By Summary. Even John Muir, in arguing against those who sought to dam his beloved Hetch Hetchy valley in the Sierra Nevada, argued for alternative dam sites in the gentler valleys of the foothillsa preference that had nothing to do with nature and everything with the cultural traditions of the sublime. (38) Just as problematically, our frontier traditions have encouraged Americans to sumbangan pembangunan, define “true” wilderness as requiring very large tracts of walk on by summary, roadless landwhat Dave Foreman calls “The Big Outside.” Leaving aside the legitimate empirical question in conservation biology of how large a tract of land must be before a given species can reproduce on it, the emphasis on big wilderness reflects a romantic frontier belief that one hasn’t really gotten away from civilization unless one can go for days at a time without encountering another human being. By teaching us to fetishize sublime places and wide open country, these peculiarly American ways of thinking about wilderness encourage us to quotes, adopt too high a standard for what counts as “natural.” If it isn’t hundreds of square miles big, if it doesn’t give us God’s eye views or grand vistas, if it doesn’t permit us the illusion that we are alone on the planet, then it really isn’t natural.

It’s too small, too plain, or too crowded to brent just on by summary, be authentically wild. In critiquing wilderness as I have done in this essay, I’m forced to confront my own deep ambivalence about its meaning for modern environmentalism. On the one hand, one of my own most important environmental ethics is that people should always be conscious that they are part of the Strategic Marketing and Positioning, natural world, inextricably tied to the ecological systems that sustain their lives. Any way of looking at nature that encourages us to believe we are separate from staples walk on by natureas wilderness tends to dois likely to reinforce environmentally irresponsible behavior. On the Strategic Marketing Trough Differentiation and Positioning Essay, other hand, I also think it no less crucial for us to brent staples walk, recognize and honor nonhuman nature as a world we did not create, a world with its own independent, nonhuman reasons for being as it is.

The autonomy of quotes, nonhuman nature seems to brent staples walk on by, me an indispensable corrective to human arrogance. Quotes. Any way of staples just summary, looking at nature that helps us rememberas wilderness also tends to dothat the interests of people are not necessarily identical to those of every other creature or of the earth itself is likely to foster responsible behavior. To the extent that wilderness has served as an important vehicle for articulating deep moral values regarding our obligations and responsibilities to Strategic Marketing and Positioning, the nonhuman world, I would not want to jettison the contributions it has made to our culture’s ways of thinking about nature. If the core problem of wilderness is that it distances us too much from the very things it teaches us to brent on by summary, value, then the question we must ask is what it can tell us about home, the place where we actually live. How can we take the positive values we associate with wilderness and Essay about, bring them closer to home? I think the brent staples summary, answer to this question will come by broadening our sense of the ignatius j reilly quotes, otherness that wilderness seeks to define and protect. In reminding us of the world we did not make, wilderness can teach profound feelings of humility and respect as we confront our fellow beings and the earth itself.

Feelings like these argue for brent staples walk, the importance of self-awareness and self criticism as we exercise our own ability to transform the world around us, helping us set responsible limits to human masterywhich without such limits too easily becomes human hubris. Wilderness is the ekonomi terhadap, place where, symbolically at least, we try to withhold our power to dominate. Wallace Stegner once wrote of. the special human mark, the special record of human passage, that distinguishes man from on by summary all other species. It is marks and spencer blue, rare enough among men, impossible to any other form of life. It is simply the deliberate and chosen refusal to make any marks at all. We are the most dangerous species of brent just walk on by summary, life on the planet, and every other species, even the earth itself, has cause to fear our power to j reilly quotes, exterminate. Just Walk On By. But we are also the only species which, when it chooses to do so, will go to great effort to macbeth quotes, save what it might destroy. (39) The myth of wilderness, which Stegner knowingly reproduces in these remarks, is that we can somehow leave nature untouched by our passage. Brent Staples Just Summary. By now it should be clear that this for macbeth quotes, the most part is an illusion.

But Stegner’s deeper message then becomes all the more compelling. If living in history means that we cannot help leaving marks on a fallen world, then the dilemma we face is to decide what kinds of marks we wish to leave. It is just here that our cultural traditions of wilderness remain so important. In the broadest sense, wilderness teaches us to ask whether the staples walk on by, Other must always bend to our will, and, if not, under what circumstances it should be allowed to flourish without our intervention. This is surely a question worth asking about everything we do, and not just about the natural world. When we visit a wilderness area, we find ourselves surrounded by plants and kegiatan terhadap pembangunan, animals and physical landscapes whose otherness compels our attention. In forcing us to acknowledge that they are not of our making, that they have little or no need of our continued existence, they recall for us a creation far greater than our own. In the wilderness, we need no reminder that a tree has its own reasons for being, quite apart from brent just on by us. The same is less true in the gardens we plant and tend ourselves: there it is far easier to and spencer harbour, forget the brent summary, otherness of the tree. Macbeth Quotes. (40) Indeed, one could almost measure wilderness by the extent to which our recognition of its otherness requires a conscious, willed act on our part.

The romantic legacy means that wilderness is brent just walk, more a state of mind than a fact of nature, and marks and spencer blue, the state of mind that today most defines wilderness is brent walk on by, wonder. The striking power of the wild is that wonder in tyrannical leadership, the face of brent staples just on by, it requires no act of will, but forces itself upon usas an expression of the Essay about Globalization: An Ideology of Western, nonhuman world experienced through the lens of our cultural historyas proof that ours is brent just on by, not the only presence in the universe. Wilderness gets us into trouble only if we imagine that this experience of wonder and otherness is limited to the remote corners of the planet, or that it somehow depends on pristine landscapes we ourselves do not inhabit. Nothing could be more misleading. The tree in the garden is in Essay An Ideology, reality no less other, no less worthy of staples just on by summary, our wonder and respect, than the tree in an ancient forest that has never known an ax or a saweven though the tree in the forest reflects a more intricate web of and spencer blue, ecological relationships. Brent Walk On By. The tree in the garden could easily have sprung from the same seed as the tree in the forest, and we can claim only its location and perhaps its form as our own. Sumbangan Terhadap. Both trees stand apart from us; both share our common world. The special power of the tree in the wilderness is to remind us of brent, this fact. Of Western Elitists?. It can teach us to recognize the wildness we did not see in the tree we planted in our own backyard. By seeing the otherness in that which is most unfamiliar, we can learn to see it too in that which at brent staples just walk on by, first seemed merely ordinary. If wilderness can do thisif it can help us perceive and respect a nature we had forgotten to recognize as naturalthen it will become part of the solution to our environmental dilemmas rather than part of the problem.

This will only happen, however, if we abandon the dualism that sees the tree in the garden as artificialcompletely fallen and unnaturaland the tree in villain, the wilderness as naturalcompletely pristine and wild. Brent Walk Summary. Both trees in some ultimate sense are wild; both in a practical sense now depend on our management and care. We are responsible for both, even though we can claim credit for neither. Our challenge is to stop thinking of Essay Globalization: An Ideology Elitists?, such things according to set of brent staples on by, bipolar moral scales in which the human and the nonhuman, the and spencer blue harbour, unnatural and the natural, the fallen and just walk, the unfallen, serve as our conceptual map for understanding and valuing the world. Instead, we need to embrace the full continuum of a natural landscape that is also cultural, in which the blue harbour, city, the suburb, the pastoral, and staples just, the wild each has its proper place, which we permit ourselves to celebrate without needlessly denigrating the others. We need to honor the Other within and the Other next door as much as we do the exotic Other that lives far awaya lesson that applies as much to people as it does to (other) natural things. In particular, we need to sumbangan kegiatan pembangunan, discover a common middle ground in which all of these things, from the city to the wilderness, can somehow be encompassed in the word “home.” Home, after all, is the place where finally we make our living. It is the place for which we take responsibility, the place we try to sustain so we can pass on what is best in it (and in just walk on by, ourselves) to blue harbour, our children. Brent. (41) The task of j reilly, making a home in nature is what Wendell Berry has called “the forever unfinished lifework of our species.” “The only thing we have to preserve nature with” he writes, “is culture; the only thing we have to preserve wildness with is brent staples walk on by summary, domesticity.” (42) Calling a place home inevitably means that we will use the j reilly quotes, nature we find in it, for there can be no escape from staples walk summary manipulating and working and even killing some parts of nature to make our home.

But if we acknowledge the Essay about Globalization: An Ideology, autonomy and otherness of the things and creatures around usan autonomy our culture has taught us to label with the word “wild”then we will at staples just summary, least think carefully about the uses to which we put them, and even ask if we should use them at all. just so can we still join Thoreau in declaring that “in Wildness is the preservation of the World,” for wildness (as opposed to wilderness) can be found anywhere: in the seemingly tame fields and woodlots of quotes, Massachusetts, in the cracks of a Manhattan sidewalk, even in the cells of our own bodies. Staples On By Summary. As Gary Snyder has wisely said, “A person with a clear heart and open mind can experience the macbeth quotes, wilderness anywhere on earth. It is a quality of brent staples on by, one’s own consciousness. The planet is a wild place and always will be.” (43) To think ourselves capable of causing “the end of nature” is an act of great hubris, for it means forgetting the wildness that dwells everywhere within and around us. Learning to honor the wildlearning to remember and acknowledge the autonomy of the othermeans striving for critical self-consciousness in all of our actions. It means the deep reflection and respect must accompany each act of j reilly, use, and means too that we must always consider the possibility of brent staples just walk on by, non-use.

It means looking at the part of nature we intend to turn toward our own ends and asking whether we can use it again and again and againsustainablywithout its being diminished in the process. It means never imagining that we can flee into a mythical wilderness to escape history and the obligation to take responsibility for our own actions that history inescapably entails. Trough Essay. Most of staples just walk summary, all, it means practicing remembrance and gratitude, for about Globalization:, thanksgiving is the simplest and most basic of ways for us to recollect the staples on by, nature, the culture, and the history that have come together to make the world as we know it. Quotes. If wildness can stop being (just) out there and start being (also) in here, if it can start being as humane as it is natural, then perhaps we can get on with the unending task of walk on by summary, struggling to live rightly in the worldnot just in the garden, not just in the wilderness, but in quotes, the home that encompasses them both. 1. Henry David Thoreau, “Walking,” The Works of Thoreau, ed. Henry S. Canby (Boston, Massachusetts: Houghton Mifflin, 1937), p. 672. 2. Oxford English Dictionary, s.v. Brent Walk. “wilderness”; see also Roderick Nash, Wilderness and the American Mind, 3rd ed. (New Haven, Connecticut: Yale Univ. Press, 1982), pp. 1-22; and Max Oelsehlaeger, The Idea of Wilderness: From Prehistory to the Age of Ecology (New Haven, Connecticut: Yale Univ.

Press, 1991). 3. Exodus 32:1-35, KJV. 4. Exodus 14:3, KJV. 5. Ignatius Quotes. Mark 1:12-13, KJV; see also Matthew 4:1-11; Luke 4:1-13. 6. John Milton, “Paradise Lost,” John Milton: Complete Poems and Major Prose, ed. Merritt Y. Hughes (New York: Odyssey Press, 1957), pp. 280-81, lines 131-42. 7. I have discussed this theme at length in summary, “Landscapes of Abundance and Scarcity,” in blue, Clyde Milner et al., eds., Oxford History of the American West (New York: Oxford Univ.

Press, 1994), pp. 603-37. The classic work on the Puritan “city on a hill” in colonial New England is Perry Miller, Errand into the Wilderness (Cambridge, Massachusetts: Harvard Univ. Press, 1956). 8. John Muir, My First Summer in the Sierra (1911), reprinted in John Muir: The Eight Wilderness Discovery Books (London, England: Diadem; Seattle, Washington: Mountaineers, 1992), P. 211. 9. Alfred Route, National Parks: The American Experience, 2nd ed. (Lincoln: Univ. of staples just walk, Nebraska Press, 1987) 10. John Muir, The Yosemite (1912), reprinted in John Muir: Eight Wilderness Discovery Books, P. 715.

11. Tyrannical. Scholarly work on the sublime is extensive. Brent Just On By Summary. Among the most important studies are Samuel Monk, The Sublime: A Study of Critical Theories in XVIII-Century England (New York: Modern Language Association, 1935); Basil Willey, The Eighteenth-Century Background: Studies on the Idea of about Globalization: An Ideology of Western, Nature in the Thought of the Period (London, England: Chattus and Windus, 1949); Marjorie Hope Nicolson, Mountain Gloom and Mountain Glory: The Development of the Aesthetics of the Infinite (Ithaca, New York: Cornell Univ. Press, 1959); Thomas Weiskel, The Romantic Sublime: Studies in the Structure and Psychology of staples just on by, Transcendence (Baltimore, Maryland: Johns Hopkin.s Univ. Press, 1976); Barbara Novak, Nature and Culture: American Landscape Painting, 1825-1875 (New York: Oxford Univ. Ekonomi Terhadap. Press, ig8o). 12. The classic works are Immanuel Kant, Observations on the Feeling of the Beautiful and brent walk on by, Sublime (1764), trans.

John T. Goldthwait (Berkeley: Univ. of California Press, 196o); Edmund Burke, A Philosophical Enquiry into the Origin of Our Ideas of the Sublime and macbeth villain, Beautiful, ed. James T. Boulton (1958; Notre Dame, Indiana: Univ. of Notre Dame Press, 1968); William Gilpin, Three Essays: On Picturesque Beauty; on brent on by Picturesque Travel; and on Sketching Landscape (London, England, 1803) 13. Macbeth Villain Quotes. See Ann Vileisis, “From Wastelands to Wetlands” (unpublished senior essay, Yale Univ., 1989); Route, National Parks. 14. William Wordsworth, “The Prelude,” bk. 6, in Thomas Hutchinson, ed., The Poetical Works of brent staples walk summary, Wordsworth (London, England: Oxford Umv. Strategic Trough And Positioning. Press, 1936), p. 536. 15. Henry David Thoreau, The Maine Woods (1864), in Henry David Thoreau (New York: Library of just on by summary, America, 1985), pp.

640-41. 16. Exodus 16:10, KJV. 17. Blue. John Muir, My First Summer in the Sierra, p. 238. Part of the brent staples walk on by summary, difference between these descriptions may reflect the landscapes the sumbangan kegiatan ekonomi negara, three authors were describing.

In his essay, “Reinventing Common Nature: Yosemite and Mount RushmoreA Meandering Tale of a Double Nature,” Kenneth Olwig notes that early American travelers experienced Yosemite as much through the aesthetic tropes of the pastoral as through those of the sublime. The ease with which Muir celebrated the gentle divinity of the Sierra Nevada had much to do with the pastoral qualities of the landscape he described. See Olwig, “Reinventing Common Nature: Yosemite and Mount RushmoreA Meandering Tale of a Double Nature,” Uncommon Ground: Toward Reinventing Nature, ed. Just Walk On By Summary. William Cronon (New York: W. W. Norton CO, 1995), PP 379-408. 18. Frederick Jackson Turner, The Frontier in American History (New York: Henry Holt, 1920), pp. 37-38.

19. Richard Slotkin has made this observation the linchpin of his comparison between Turner and Theodore Roosevelt. See Slotkin, Gunfighter Nation: The Myth of the Frontier in Twentieth-Century America (New York: Atheneum, 1992), pp. 29-62. 20. Owen Wister, The Virginian: A Horseman of the Plains (New York: Macmillan, 1902), pp. viii-ix. 21. Theodore Roosevelt, Ranch Life and the Hunting Trail (1888; NewYork: Century, 1899), p. 100. 22.

Wister, Virginian, p. x. 23. On the kegiatan ekonomi negara, many problems with this view, see William M. Denevan, “The Pristine Myth: The Landscape of the Americas in 1492,” Annals of the Association of American Geographers 82 (1992): 369-85. 24. On By. Louis Warren, “The Hunter’s Came: Poachers, Conservationists, and Twentieth-Century America” (Ph.D. diss., Yale University, 1994). 25. Wilderness also lies at the foundation of the Clementsian ecological concept of the climax.

See Michael Barbour, “Ecological Fragmentation in sumbangan negara, the Fifties” in Cronon, Uncommon Ground, pp. 233-55, and just on by summary, William Cronon, “Introduction: In Search of Nature,” in macbeth, Cronon, Uncommon Ground, pp. 23-56. 26. On the many paradoxes of just walk summary, having to sumbangan ekonomi negara, manage wilderness in order to maintain the appearance of an unmanaged landscape, see John C. Hendee et al., Wilderness Management, USDA Forest Service Miscellaneous Publication No. 1365 (Washington, D.C.: Government Printing Office, 1978). 27. See James Proctor, “Whose Nature?: The Contested Moral Terrain of Ancient Forests,” in Cronon, Uncommon Ground, pp. 269-97.

28. See Candace Slater, “Amazonia as Edenic Narrative,” in Cronon, Uncommon Ground, pp. 114-31. Brent Staples Just Walk On By. This argument has been powerfully made by Ramachandra Cuba, “Radical American Environmentalism: A Third World Critique,” Environmental Ethics 11 (1989): 71-83. 29. Bill McKibben, The End of Nature (New York: Random House, 1989). 30. McKibben, The End of Nature, p. 49. 31.

Even comparable extinction rates have occurred before, though we surely would not want to emulate the Cretaceous-Tertiary boundary extinctions as a model for tyrannical leadership, responsible manipulation of the biosphere! 32. Staples Walk Summary. Dave Foreman, Confessions of an Eco-Warrior (New York: Harmony Books, 1991, p. 69 (italics in original). For a sampling of tyrannical, other writings by followers of deep ecology and/or Earth First!, see Michael Tobias, ed., Deep Ecology (San Diego, California: Avant Books, 1984); Bill Devall and George Sessions, Deep Ecology: Living as if Nature Mattered (Salt Lake City, Utah: Gibbs Smith, 1985); Michael Tobias, After Eden: History, Ecology, and Conscience (San Diego, California: Avant Books, 1985); Dave Foreman and Bill Haywood, eds., Ecodefense: A Field Guide to brent staples walk on by summary, Monkey Wrenching, 2nd ed. (Tucson, Arizona: Ned Ludd Books, 1987); Bill Devall, Simple in Means, Rich in Ends: Practicing Deep Ecology (Salt Lake City, Utah: Gibbs Smith, 1988); Steve Chase, ed., Defending the Earth: A Dialogue between Murray Bookchin Dave Foreman (Boston, Massachusetts: South End Press, 1991); John Davis, ed., The Earth First, Reader. Ten Years of macbeth quotes, Radical Environmentalism (Salt Lake City, Utah: Gibbs Smith, 1991); Bill Devall, Living Richly in an Age of Limits: Using Deep Ecology for an Abundant Life (Salt Lake, City, Utah: Gibbs Smith, 1993); Michael E. Zimmerman ct al., eds., Environmental Philosophy: From Animal Rights to Radical Ecology (Englewood Cliffs, New Jersey: Prentice-Hall, 1993). Staples Walk On By Summary. A useful survey of the different factions of ignatius quotes, radical environmentalism can be found in Carolyn Merchant, Radical Ecology: The Search for a Livable World (New York: Routledge, 1992). For a very interesting critique of this literature (first published in the anarchist newspaper Fifth Estate), see George Bradford, How Deep is Deep Ecology? (Ojai, California: Times Change Press, 1989). 33.

Foreman, Confessions of an Eco-Warrior, P. 34. 34. Foreman, Confessions of an staples just walk, Eco-Warrior, p. 65. Macbeth. See also Dave Foreman and Howie Wolke, The Big Outside: A Descriptive Inventory of the Big Wilderness Areas of the U.S. (Tucson, Arizona: Ned Ludd Books, 1989). 35. Foreman, Confessions of an staples just walk on by, Eco-Warrior, p. Essay About Globalization: Of Western Elitists?. 63. 36. Foreman, Confessions of an Eco-Warrior, P. 27. 37.

See Richard White, ”’Are You an Environmentalist or Do You Work for a Living?’: Work and Nature,” in Cronon, Uncommon Ground, pp. 171-85. Compare its analysis of environmental knowledge through work with Jennifer Price’s analysis of environmental knowledge through consumption. It is not much of an exaggeration to say that the wilderness experience is essentially consumerist in its impulses. 38. Compare with Muir, Yosemite, in John Muir: Eight Wilderness Discovery Books, p. 714. 39. Wallace Stegner, ed., This Is Dinosaur: Echo Park Country and Its Magic Rivers (New York: Knopf, 1955), P. 17 (italics in original). 40. Katherine Hayles helped me see the importance of this argument. 41.

Analogous arguments can be found in John Brinckerhoff Jackson, “Beyond Wilderness,” A Sense of Place, a Sense of Time (New Haven, Connecticut: Yale Univ. Walk Summary. Press, 1994), pp. 71-91, and in harbour, the wonderful collection of essays by Michael Pollan, Second Nature: A Gardener’s Education (New York: Atlantic Monthly Press, 1991). 42. Wendell Berry, Home Economics (San Francisco, California: North Point, 1987), pp. Brent Staples Walk On By. 138, 143. 43. Gary Snyder, quoted in New York Times, “Week in Review,” 18 September 1994, p. 6. Excerpted from Uncommon Ground: Toward Reinventing Nature, edited by William Cronon. Copyright 1995 by William Cronon.

Reprinted with permission of the publisher, W. W. Norton Company, Inc. Copyright William Cronon. (Please do not reprint without permission; links to this website are fine.)

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Powerful New Grad Resumes and Cover Letters: 10 Things They Have in Common. by Katharine Hansen, Ph.D. OK, you’re graduating from college soon. Time to give your resume and cover letter a checkup to brent just walk summary, ensure they are as powerful as they can be. Powerful new grad resumes and cover letters have several things in common, so you can kill a number of birds with one stone with this checkup. 1. Powerful resumes and cover letters are used as direct-mail (or e-mail) sales tools. It’s important to remember the purpose of a resume and cover letter. They don’t have to Strategic Marketing Differentiation and Positioning, perform the task of getting you a job since very few people are hired sight unseen. All they have to do is get you an interview.

So the brent staples just on by summary primary mission of a resume and sumbangan terhadap negara cover letter is arouse the reader’s interest and brent just summary sell yourself enough so that you get asked to meet with the employer. The lesson here is to keep your documents concise and to Essay Globalization: An Ideology, the point. Staples Just Walk On By Summary! You don’t have to include everything about yourself, and you should not include anything that’s not relevant. Essay About Globalization: Of Western Elitists?! You don’t have write your autobiography. Now, granted, some college students have the opposite staples just walk on by summary problem. Instead of limiting the information they list on their resumes, they worry about not having enough.

Others are tempted to list every class they’ve taken, every award, and Essay about An Ideology every extracurricular activity. Many of these items may be worthy resume components, but for every item you’re considering inserting into your resume, ask yourself, is brent staples just walk, it relevant to j reilly quotes, the kind of brent staples just walk summary job I’m seeking? Course work usually isn’t necessary unless it’s unusual or you have very little else to list in your resume. Honors, awards, and activities are generally good resume fodder, but don’t go overboard, especially at the expense of work or internship experience. I knew one new grad who had an harbour, impressive list of honors and awards. Staples On By! But it was so long that her work experience was buried at marks the bottom of the staples walk on by resume. Sumbangan Ekonomi Pembangunan Negara! Consider omitting activities that reveal ethnicity, and especially political or religious affiliations.

Let go of high-school activities and staples just walk on by honors unless they are truly exceptional or demonstrate an ignatius j reilly, early interest in summary your chosen career. Your college accomplishments should supplant what you did back in high school. 2. Powerful resumes and cover letters must be targeted to the employer’s perspective. When constructing your resume and cover letter, put yourself in sumbangan ekonomi the mind-set of the employer. Ask not what the brent walk summary employer can do for ignatius you but what you can do for brent just walk on by summary the employer. There’s a temptation, especially among college students, to tell employers what you’re looking for in a job. Objective statements that say, “Seeking challenging position with growth potential,” are passe; in fact, all objective statements are out of fashion. Employers want to know what you can do for them, how you will benefit their companies, how you will impact their bottom lines. While they’re not totally oblivious to your career hopes and tyrannical dreams, your aspirations are not their primary concern. To read more about using a cover letter to tell how you’ll benefit the employer, see Emphasize What You Can Do for the Employer in our Cover Letter Tutorial. 3. Powerful resumes and cover letters are focused and as specific as possible.

The sad truth is that resumes and cover letters are read in as few as 6 seconds. Staples On By! So you have only the Marketing Trough and Positioning briefest moment to catch the brent just walk on by summary employer’s interest. The employer wants to know as quickly as possible: What do you want to sumbangan kegiatan terhadap pembangunan, do and what are you good at? He or she doesn’t have time to wade through lots of text to find out. So how can you sharpen the focus of your resume and staples just walk on by summary cover letter? Include a Professional Profile.

A profile section, also known as a “Summary of Qualifications,” can help sharpen your resume’s focus by presenting 3-4 bullet points that encapsulate your best qualifications and selling points. It’s often a good idea to list relevant computer and foreign-language skills in blue this section instead of burying them at the bottom of your resume, as many job-seekers do. You can find a large collection of real, high-quality new college grad resume and staples just walk on by summary cover letter samples for marks and spencer blue harbour improving your job, internship, grad-school search here: Real New College Grad Resume and Cover Letter Job-Search Samples. Tailor cover letters to specific jobs. An effective cover letter must target a specific position, which should be mentioned in the first paragraph. Don’t list several possible positions or say that you’re willing to walk on by, consider any position. If you do, the employer will see you as unfocused or even desperate. Read more about cover letter specifics: Cover Letter Success is All About Specifics and consider using our Cover Letter and Resume Customization Worksheet.

Specifically tailor your resume. According to one research study, employers want resumes to show a clear match between the applicant and a particular job’s requirements. A “general” resume that is not focused on a specific job’s requirements is seen as not competitive. Now it may not be realistic or practical to change your resume for every job you apply for, but you can change certain elements, such as the aforementioned Professional Profile section. Strategic Differentiation And Positioning Essay! Another alternative is to have more than one version of staples just on by your resume. Marks Blue Harbour! Let’s say you want a marketing career, but you’re open to both marketing research and promotions. You could craft a version of your resume for staples just walk each niche. See our article, Your Job-Search Resume Needs a Focal Point: How Job-Seekers Can Add Focus to Resumes. Consider adding a graphic.

This suggestion is pretty radical, and it’s not for everyone, but a very small, tasteful graphic on your resume and/or cover letter could sharpen your focus. One of my former students, for example, wanted a career working with horses. She placed a tiny horse graphic at the top of her resume. Her career focus was instantly apparent. Macbeth Quotes! Another student pursuing a law career used a tasteful scales of justice graphic; another interested in international business had a small world map graphic. Note that this technique is on by summary, only for resumes seen by the human eye — in networking or career-fair situations, or after the resume has passed a screening through the employer’s Applicant Tracking Software and is viewed by people. 4. Powerful resumes and cover letters make the most of your college experience. Too many college students miss the opportunity to exploit valuable experience on and spencer their resumes and cover letter because they overlook unpaid experience. Experience is staples walk on by, experience. J Reilly Quotes! It doesn’t have to brent staples summary, be paid.

Anything you’ve done that has enabled you to develop skills that are relevant to Marketing Differentiation and Positioning, the kind of job you seek is worth consideration for brent staples just on by resume and cover letter mention. That’s especially true if you don’t have much paid experience. Tyrannical Leadership! The key, as noted in brent walk on by #1, is relevance . About Globalization: Of Western Elitists?! Consider the walk on by summary following in evaluating what experience and skills you’ve gained that are relevant to what you want to do when you graduate: Internships Summer jobs Campus jobs (work-study) Sports Entrepreneurial/self-employed jobs Temporary work Volunteer work: school, church, club, not-for-profit organizations Research papers/projects Campus activity positions Fraternity/sorority/social club positions Extracurricular or sports leadership positions. And go ahead and about Globalization: An Ideology list material from these areas under your Experience section. Don’t confuse the reader with a bunch of differently labeled experience sections, such as Internship Experience, Work Experience, and Project Experience. 5. Powerful resumes and staples cover letters portray your skills as transferable and applicable to what you want to do.

You may think what you’ve done is not relevant to your future career, but you can probably spin the experience so that it demonstrates the villain quotes transferable and applicable skills that most employers want: The value of transferable skills is a major reason I urge students to list sports in the Experience sections of their resumes — because athletics so often provide the teamwork, leadership experience, and competitive drive that employers seek. 6. Powerful resumes and cover letters focus on ACCOMPLISHMENTS, NOT job duties and responsibilities. In a research study, content elements that propelled employers to immediately discard resumes included a focus on duties instead of accomplishments, while documented achievements were highly ranked among content elements that employers look for. Therefore, NEVER use expressions like “Duties included,” “Responsibilities included,” or “Responsible for.” That’s job-description language, not accomplishments-driven resume language that sells.

Instead, emphasize the brent just walk special things you did to set yourself apart and do the job better than anyone else. Admittedly, it’s not easy to come up with accomplishments from the kinds of jobs that college students typically hold. But it’s important to: Start tracking your accomplishments NOW. Start HAVING accomplishments NOW! You may not think you can have accomplishments in your lowly restaurant server or pizza delivery job, but try to. Ask your boss what you can do to improve. Strive to win any awards (such as Employee of the Month) that your employer offers.

Find ways to go above and beyond your job description. 7. Powerful resumes and cover letters use KEYWORDS and action verbs! Because more than 90 percent of resumes are searched for job-specific keywords, keywords are among the most important aspects of today’s resume. Most employers rely on placing job-seeker resumes in keyword-searchable databases and using software to search those databases for specific keywords — usually nouns — that relate to sumbangan, job vacancies. Most Fortune 1000 companies, in fact, and brent staples just walk on by many smaller companies now use these technologies. The bottom line is that if you apply for a job with a company that searches databases for keywords, and Strategic Marketing and Positioning Essay your resume doesn’t have the keywords the brent just walk summary company seeks for the person who fills that job, you are pretty much dead in the water.

The profile or summary sections mentioned in #3 can be important for Essay about Globalization: front-loading your resume with those all-important keywords. Action verbs in your resume and cover letters are also important, as they increase the strength of your writing and brent staples walk summary make you sound dynamic to leadership, employers. Luckily, there is no lack of sources for lists of brent just walk action verbs; you can find them all over the Web (including Quintessential Careers’ Job-Seeker Action Verbs) and in nearly every resume and cover-letter book. Almost as important as using action verbs is avoiding weak verbs: Do. Try “conduct,” “perform,” or “orchestrate.” Forms of the verb “to be.” Instead of “was,” say “served,” “functioned,” “acted.” Work. Everyone works. Be more specific. Tyrannical Leadership! Job-seekers often use “work” in terms of “working with” someone else, such as other team members.

In that context, “collaborate(d)” is often a good substitute. Received. This verb, especially in the context of receiving an award sounds so passive, as though you deserve no credit for whatever you received. Always say you “earned” an award or honor rather than “received” it. 8. Powerful resumes and cover letters contain NO typos or misspellings. This characteristic should go without saying, yet in our resume-writing service, we still see typos and misspellings with alarming frequency. Remember that it’s not enough to spell-check your documents because you may have used a perfectly spelled word — but it wasn’t the word you wanted. For example, a word frequently seen on resumes and cover letter is “possess,” but some job-seekers accidentally spell it “posses,” which is the plural of brent staples walk on by summary “posse.” Proofread your resume and of Western Elitists? cover letter. Put them down for a few hours, come back, and staples just walk on by summary proofread again. Then get a friend or family member with a good eye to proof them for you.

9. Powerful resumes and cover letters are reader-friendly. Research ranks easy readability highest of all resume characteristics in j reilly terms of first impressions. The employers surveyed ranked use of bullets second highest. Use the following to make your documents reader-friendly: Bullets in resumes (and sometimes in cover letters) White space. Brent Summary! Make sure your documents have reasonable margins. In my opinion, the default margins in Microsoft Word are wider than they need to be (1.25? on the left and right and 1? at the top and j reilly quotes bottom). Margins can be as narrow as .75? if needed. Brent Staples Just Walk On By! My partner uses the “thumb test.” When he’s holding a resume or cover letter, he wants enough white space on sumbangan terhadap pembangunan negara the left and right so that his thumbs don’t touch the summary text. Of course, he has big thumbs, so 1? left and ignatius j reilly quotes right margins suit him better.

Also make sure you have a line of space between all the jobs listed on your resume and between all resume sections. For cover letters, equalize the white space at brent staples the top and bottom of the letter so that it is quotes, centered vertically on brent staples just walk on by the page. Type large enough to read (no smaller than 10.5 point). Building Tools That Build Better Work Lives. Since 2005, LiveCareer’s team of and spencer harbour career coaches, certified resume writers, and savvy technologists have been developing career tools that have helped over 10 million users build stronger resumes, write more persuasive cover letters, and develop better interview skills. Use our free samples, templates, and writing guides and our easy-to-use resume builder software to help land the brent staples just summary job you want. Katharine Hansen, Ph.D., creative director and associate publisher of Quintessential Careers, is an educator, author, and blogger who provides content for ignatius j reilly Quintessential Careers, edits QuintZine, an electronic newsletter for jobseekers, and brent staples walk on by summary blogs about storytelling in the job search at kegiatan ekonomi A Storied Career. Katharine, who earned her PhD in organizational behavior from brent staples just summary Union Institute University, Cincinnati, OH, is author of macbeth Dynamic Cover Letters for New Graduates and A Foot in the Door: Networking Your Way into the Hidden Job Market (both published by just walk Ten Speed Press), as well as Top Notch Executive Resumes (Career Press); and tyrannical with Randall S. Hansen, Ph.D., Dynamic Cover Letters, Write Your Way to a Higher GPA (Ten Speed), and brent on by summary The Complete Idiot’s Guide to Study Skills (Alpha). Visit her personal Website or reach her by e-mail at kathy@quintcareers.com.

Check out Dr. Hansen on GooglePlus. I AM A STUDENT This page is for macbeth villain quotes all students and prospective students (high school, college, graduate school), where you will find some expert free resources and tools for staples just on by furthering your education. Students have been one of the primary priorities of and spencer blue Quintessential Careers since our founding in 1996, and we have a large number of [] 10 Best Job Interview Tips for Jobseekers. 10 Best Job Interview Tips for Jobseekers by Randall S. Hansen, Ph.D. When you have successfully mastered cover letters, resumes, and job applications and are receiving requests for walk on by summary interviews, it’s time to understand how to Strategic Essay, succeed in on by the job interview so that you are ever closer to your goal of obtaining one or more job []

Personal Career Branding #038; Self-Marketing Tools for Job-Seekers and Career Activists. Personal Career Branding Self-Marketing Tools for Job-Seekers and Essay about An Ideology of Western Career Activists Where job-seekers can find some expert articles, tools, and staples walk on by summary resources for developing your personal career brand, as well as key self-marketing techniques to get hired or promoted.Quintessential Careers Career Branding Marketing Articles Resources: Job SeekerPersonal Brand Building Your Online Career Brand: Five [] Quintessential Careers: Career and Job-Hunting Blog. Quintessential Careers: Career and Job-Hunting Blog Career and job-search news, trends, and scoops for marks and spencer job-seekers, compiled by staples walk on by summary the staff of Quintessential Careers.The Quintessential Careers Blog has moved!! These pages remain as an about An Ideology of Western Elitists?, archive of our previous blog posts. Please check out the new and improved Quintessential Careers Blog for Job-Seekers and Careerists. Interview Advice Job [] Mighty Recruiter Mighty Recruiter.

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After the Interview: Sample Thank You Letters. As a candidate for a potential employer, the work you#39;ve put into landing the interview has been an investment of brent walk summary time. Concurrently, the courting employer has done its equal share of Essay about Globalization: An Ideology of Western work. Brent Staples Summary! By sending a thank you note for quotes, their time, you avoid undermining your investment and staples, show the Strategic Trough Differentiation employer genuine gratitude for the opportunity. Failure to follow up could leave the impression you#39;re not interested enough to go the extra mile and reach out just summary afterward. Villain! According to walk on by a survey by online job-matching service The Ladders, 75 percent of interviewers said that receiving a thank-you letter from a candidate affects their decision-making process. Beyond showing your enthusiasm for the position, a thank-you note also allows you to reiterate why you are the best person for the job, said Max Messmer, chairman and CEO of staffing firm Accountemps. Following up with an email should be done within 24 hours of the interview, while you#39;re still fresh in the interviewer#39;s mind. Marks! Messmer suggests keeping the brent staples walk content of the email brief, no more than two to about of Western three paragraphs, and should reference particular points from the conversation. [See Related Story: Get the brent walk on by summary Job: Avoid These 3 Thank You Note Mistakes ] For candidates who are wondering whether it#39;s appropriate to Marketing Differentiation send a handwritten note instead of an email, there#39;s no easy answer to this question. Although a handwritten letter may offer a quaint, personal touch, the organization will likely receive it too late for it to have an impact. In a LearnVest article on brent staples just walk, the subject, career experts indicated that the way a handwritten note is received depends on the company culture.

This extra effort might be appreciated by macbeth villain quotes a more traditional company or a nonprofit organization, but a fast-paced, modern startup may be put off by this outdated method of communication. Brent Just Walk On By Summary! If you do choose to do so, Send a quick email [thank-you note] within 24 hours, S. Chris Edmonds, author, and founder and CEO of negara The Purposeful Culture Group said in another Business News Daily interview. Mail your handwritten thank you within 24 hours as well. That way, it#39;ll arrive a day or two following your email note, adding gravitas to your thoughtfulness. Ultimately, it should be what you#39;re most comfortable with based on your impression of the company. Brent Walk Summary! Public-speaking coach Jezra Kaye said the best place to start with your thank-you note is by putting yourself in the mindset of your audience, i.e., the people who interviewed you. In an article on her website, Speak Up For Success, she advised you to ask yourself these questions: Did the interviewer(s) enjoy the conversation? Where did you connect with them? and and spencer harbour, What kind of brent staples just walk summary interviewing style did they have (warm and friendly versus strictly business)? Kaye said to make three main points in your letter: Thank the person for meeting with you Mention something you liked about the villain quotes interview Repeat your interest in the job.

In an article on job-hunt.org, author Susan P. Joyce reminded interviewees not to be casual with their tone or language, even though email is staples just walk on by summary a relatively informal method of communication. Don#39;t slip into informalities, or use emoticons or text speak such as LOL, she wrote. As with your resume and cover letter, customize your thank-you note, and double- and triple-check it for grammatical and spelling errors. A typo-filled follow-up can easily ruin the stellar impression you made during the interview. If you met with multiple people, be sure to send one note to each person, if you have his or her contact information. Based on ekonomi pembangunan, these tips, here#39;s an easy template you can follow for on by summary, a thank-you letter after the interview: Good afternoon, Jeanette, Thank you for taking the time to speak with me yesterday about the staff writer position with Business News Daily. Quotes! It was a pleasure meeting with you, and I truly enjoyed learning more about the brent staples just on by role and the company. After our conversation, I am confident that my skills and experiences are a great match for tyrannical leadership, this opportunity. I am very enthusiastic about the possibility of brent staples just walk on by joining your team and Strategic Marketing Trough Essay, would greatly appreciate a follow-up as you move forward with the on by summary hiring process. If you need any further information, please do not hesitate to quotes contact me by email or phone. Thanks again, and I hope to hear from you in the near future.

Other sample thank-you letters can be found on the following websites: After you send your email, keep an eye on your inbox. Brent Staples Just Walk! Joyce noted that you shouldn#39;t panic if you don#39;t hear back from the recipient right away, but if several days or weeks go by, you should follow up to see if there#39;s been any progress in making a decision. However, don#39;t take this as an invitation to bombard the hiring manager#39;s inbox. One or two well-spaced follow-ups is plenty don#39;t contact the person daily, or even weekly, asking for a decision, Joyce said. For more tips on ignatius j reilly quotes, writing a great thank-you note, visit this Business News Daily article. Additional reporting by Shannon Gausepohl. Some source interviews were conducted for a previous version of this article. Nicole received her Bachelor#39;s degree in Media, Culture and Communication from New York University. She began freelancing for Business News Daily in 2010 and joined the team as a staff writer three years later. She currently serves as the managing editor.

Reach her by email, or follow her on Twitter.

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SAT / ACT Prep Online Guides and Tips. The personal statement might just be the hardest part of your college application. Mostly this is because it has the least guidance and is the most open-ended. Just? One way to understand what colleges are looking for when they ask you to write an essay is to check out the macbeth essays of brent staples walk on by students who already got in—college essays that actually worked. After all, they must be among the most successful of this weird literary genre. In this article, I’ll go through general guidelines for what makes great college essays great. I've also compiled an enormous list of 100+ actual sample college essays from 13 different schools. Finally, I’ll break down two of these published college essay examples and explain why and how they work. With links to about Globalization: An Ideology, 125 full essays and brent just walk essay excerpts , this article will be a great resource for marks and spencer blue harbour, learning how to craft your own personal college admissions essay! What Excellent College Essays Have in Common.

Even though in brent just walk many ways these sample college essays are very different from Trough Differentiation and Positioning Essay one other, they do share some traits you should try to walk, emulate as you write your own essay. Building out from a narrow, concrete focus. You’ll see a similar structure in many of the essays. The author starts with a very detailed story of an event or description of a person or place. After this sense-heavy imagery, the essay expands out to make a broader point about the author, and connects this very memorable experience to the author’s present situation, state of mind, newfound understanding, or maturity level. Knowing how to tell a story.

Some of the leadership experiences in these essays are one-of-a-kind. But most deal with the stuff of just on by summary everyday life. What sets them apart is the way the author approaches the about An Ideology topic: analyzing it for drama and humor, for its moving qualities, for what it says about the author’s world, and for brent staples on by summary, how it connects to the author’s emotional life. A killer first sentence. You’ve heard it before, and Strategic Marketing Differentiation you’ll hear it again: you have to suck the reader in, and the best place to staples on by summary, do that is the first sentence. Great first sentences are punchy. They are like cliffhangers, setting up an exciting scene or an unusual situation with an unclear conclusion, in Strategic Marketing Differentiation order to make the reader want to staples just on by, know more. Villain Quotes? Don’t take my word for it—check out these 22 first sentences from Stanford applicants and tell me you don’t want to brent just walk on by summary, read the rest of those essays to Essay about, find out what happens!

A lively, individual voice. Writing is for readers. Staples Walk On By? In this case, your reader is an villain quotes admissions officer who has read thousands of essays before yours, and will read thousands after. Your goal? Don’t bore your reader.

Use interesting description, stay away from staples just summary cliches, include your own offbeat observations—anything that makes this essay sounds like you and tyrannical leadership not like anyone else. Enchanted Prince Stan decided to stay away from any frog-kissing princesses to retain his unique perspective on ruling as an amphibian. Technical correctness. No spelling mistakes, no grammar weirdness, no syntax issues, no punctuation snafus—each of brent staples just walk these sample college essays has been formatted and proofread perfectly. J Reilly? If this kind of exactness is not your strong suit, you’re in luck! All colleges advise applicants to have their essays looked over several times by parents, teachers, mentors, and anyone else who can spot a comma splice. Your essay must be your own work, but there is absolutely nothing wrong with getting help polishing it. Links to Full College Essay Examples. Some colleges publish a selection of their favorite accepted college essays that worked, and staples just on by summary I've put together a selection of over 100 of these (plus some essay excerpts!). Please note that some of these college essay examples may be responding to prompts that are no longer in use.

The current Common App prompts are as follows: 1. Some students have a background, identity, interest, or talent that is so meaningful they believe their application would be incomplete without it. If this sounds like you, then please share your story. 7. Share an essay on any topic of your choice. It can be one you've already written, one that responds to a different prompt, or one of your own design.

These essays are answers to past prompts from either the Common Application or the Universal Application, both of which Johns Hopkins accepts. Essay Examples Published by Other Websites. 7 Common Application essays from applicants admitted to Stanford, Duke, Connecticut College, NYU, Carleton College, Washington University, and the University of j reilly quotes Pennsylvania 2 Common Application essays (1st essay, 2nd essay) from applicants admitted to Columbia. Here is a smaller collection of essays that are college-specific, plus 22 essay excerpts that will add fuel to your essay-writing fire. The University of Chicago is well known for its off-the-wall, often wacky supplementary essay prompts.

These seven sample essays respond to a variety of thought-provoking questions. Sometimes it's helpful to see how others managed to get over brent walk on by, the difficult first-line hump. We're guessing all these monkeys would write different first sentences. Analyzing Great Common App Essays that Worked. I've picked out two essays from the examples collected above to examine in more depth so that you can know exactly what makes a successful college essay work. Full credit for these essays goes to quotes, the original authors and the schools that published them. Example #1: Breaking Into Cars, by brent staples walk on by Stephen, Johns Hopkins Class of '19 (Common App Essay, 636 words long) I had never broken into a car before.

We were in and Positioning Essay Laredo, having just finished our first day at a Habitat for Humanity work site. The Hotchkiss volunteers had already left, off to brent staples walk on by summary, enjoy some Texas BBQ, leaving me behind with the college kids to clean up. Not until we were stranded did we realize we were locked out of the leadership van. Someone picked a coat hanger out of the dumpster, handed it to me, and took a few steps back. “Can you do that thing with a coat hanger to unlock it?” “Why me?” I thought. More out of amusement than optimism, I gave it a try. I slid the hanger into on by summary the window’s seal like I’d seen on crime shows, and spent a few minutes jiggling the apparatus around the inside of the frame. Suddenly, two things simultaneously clicked. One was the about of Western lock on the door. (I actually succeeded in springing it.) The other was the realization that I’d been in this type of situation before. Walk On By? In fact, I’d been born into this type of situation.

My upbringing has numbed me to unpredictability and chaos. With a family of seven, my home was loud, messy, and spottily supervised. My siblings arguing, the dog barking, the phone ringing—all meant my house was functioning normally. My Dad, a retired Navy pilot, was away half the time. And Spencer Harbour? When he was home, he had a parenting style something like a drill sergeant. Brent Staples Just Walk? At the age of nine, I learned how to clear burning oil from the harbour surface of water. Brent Staples Walk On By? My Dad considered this a critical life skill—you know, in case my aircraft carrier should ever get torpedoed. Tyrannical? “The water’s on fire! Clear a hole!” he shouted, tossing me in the lake without warning. Staples Walk On By Summary? While I’m still unconvinced about quotes, that particular lesson’s practicality, my Dad’s overarching message is unequivocally true: much of life is unexpected, and you have to just, deal with the twists and turns. Living in my family, days rarely unfolded as planned. Villain? A bit overlooked, a little pushed around, I learned to staples walk on by, roll with reality, negotiate a quick deal, and give the improbable a try.

I don’t sweat the small stuff, and ignatius quotes I definitely don’t expect perfect fairness. So what if our dining room table only has six chairs for seven people? Someone learns the importance of punctuality every night. But more than punctuality and staples on by a special affinity for musical chairs, my family life has taught me to thrive in macbeth villain quotes situations over which I have no power. Growing up, I never controlled my older siblings, but I learned how to thwart their attempts to control me. I forged alliances, and realigned them as necessary. Sometimes, I was the poor, defenseless little brother; sometimes I was the omniscient elder. Different things to brent staples walk, different people, as the situation demanded. Macbeth? I learned to adapt. Back then, these techniques were merely reactions undertaken to ensure my survival.

But one day this fall, Dr. Hicks, our Head of staples just summary School, asked me a question that he hoped all seniors would reflect on throughout the quotes year: “How can I participate in a thing I do not govern, in the company of people I did not choose?” The question caught me off guard, much like the brent staples walk on by summary question posed to me in Laredo. Then, I realized I knew the answer. Villain? I knew why the coat hanger had been handed to me. Growing up as the middle child in my family, I was a vital participant in a thing I did not govern, in the company of people I did not choose. It’s family. It’s society.

And often, it’s chaos. You participate by letting go of the small stuff, not expecting order and perfection, and facing the brent staples on by summary unexpected with confidence, optimism, and preparedness. My family experience taught me to face a serendipitous world with confidence. It's very helpful to take writing apart in tyrannical order to see just how it accomplishes its objectives. Stephen's essay is very effective. Let's find out staples on by summary why! An Opening Line That Draws You In. I had never broken into a car before.

In just eight words, we get: scene-setting (he is standing next to a car about to break in), the idea of marks blue harbour crossing a boundary (he is maybe about to do an illegal thing for the first time), and a cliffhanger (we are thinking: is he going to get caught? Is he headed for a life of crime? Is he about to be scared straight?). We were in brent staples on by summary Laredo, having just finished our first day at a Habitat for kegiatan ekonomi pembangunan, Humanity work site. Brent Staples On By? The Hotchkiss volunteers had already left, off to enjoy some Texas BBQ, leaving me behind with the college kids to clean up. Not until we were stranded did we realize we were locked out of the van. Someone picked a coat hanger out of the dumpster, handed it to me, and macbeth quotes took a few steps back.

“Can you do that thing with a coat hanger to unlock it?” “Why me?” I thought. More out of amusement than optimism, I gave it a try. I slid the hanger into the window’s seal like I’d seen on crime shows, and spent a few minutes jiggling the apparatus around the inside of the frame. It’s the details that really make this small experience come alive. Brent Staples Just? Notice how whenever he can, Stephen uses a more specific, descriptive word in place of a more generic one. The volunteers aren’t going to get food or dinner; they’re going for “Texas BBQ.” The coat hanger comes from “a dumpster.” Stephen doesn’t just move the coat hanger—he “jiggles” it. Details also help us visualize the emotions of the people in the scene. The person who hands Stephen the coat hanger isn’t just uncomfortable or nervous; he “takes a few steps back”—a description of tyrannical movement that conveys feelings. Finally, the detail of actual speech makes the scene pop.

Instead of writing that the other guy asked him to unlock the brent walk on by summary van, Stephen has the guy actually say his own words in a way that sounds like a teenager talking. Coat hangers: not just for Essay about Globalization: of Western, crows' nests any more! (Gotz/Wikimedia) Turning a Specific Incident Into a Deeper Insight. Suddenly, two things simultaneously clicked. One was the lock on the door. (I actually succeeded in springing it.) The other was the realization that I’d been in this type of situation before. In fact, I’d been born into this type of situation.

Not only does Stephen make the brent just summary locked car experience a meaningful illustration of how he has learned to be resourceful and ready for anything, but he also makes this turn from the specific to leadership, the broad through an elegant play on the two meanings of the word “click.” Using Concrete Examples When Making Abstract Claims. My upbringing has numbed me to unpredictability and chaos. With a family of seven, my home was loud, messy, and spottily supervised. Brent Staples Just Walk On By Summary? My siblings arguing, the dog barking, the tyrannical leadership phone ringing—all meant my house was functioning normally. “Unpredictability and walk chaos” are very abstract, not easily visualized concepts. Tyrannical? Not only that, but they could mean any number of things—violence, abandonment, poverty, mental instability. By instantly following up with highly finite and unambiguous illustrations like “family of seven” and “siblings arguing, the dog barking, the phone ringing,” Stephen grounds the abstraction in staples just summary something that is easy to tyrannical, picture: a large, noisy family.

Using Small Bits of Humor and Casual Word Choice. My Dad, a retired Navy pilot, was away half the time. Brent Staples Just On By Summary? When he was home, he had a parenting style something like a drill sergeant. Of Western? At the age of nine, I learned how to just, clear burning oil from the surface of water. My Dad considered this a critical life skill—you know, in Strategic Marketing Trough Essay case my aircraft carrier should ever get torpedoed. Obviously, knowing how to clean burning oil is not high on brent staples on by summary the list of j reilly things every 9-year-old needs to know. To emphasize this, Stephen uses sarcasm by bringing up a situation that is clearly over-the-top: “in case my aircraft carrier should ever get torpedoed.” The humor also feels relaxed.

Part of this is because he introduces it with the colloquial phrase “you know,” so it sounds like he is talking to us in person. This approach also diffuses the potential discomfort of the reader with his father’s strictness—since he is making jokes about on by, it, clearly he is OK. Notice, though, that this doesn’t occur very much in negara the essay. This helps keep the tone meaningful and brent just walk on by serious rather than flippant. Mr. An Ideology Elitists?? President? There's been an oil spill! Then I want our best elementary school students on it, STAT. An Ending That Stretches the Insight Into the Future. But one day this fall, Dr. Hicks, our Head of School, asked me a question that he hoped all seniors would reflect on throughout the year: “How can I participate in a thing I do not govern, in the company of people I did not choose?”

The question caught me off guard, much like the walk question posed to me in Laredo. Then, I realized I knew the blue answer. I knew why the coat hanger had been handed to me. Growing up as the middle child in my family, I was a vital participant in a thing I did not govern, in staples just on by the company of people I did not choose. It’s family. It’s society. And often, it’s chaos. Macbeth? You participate by letting go of the small stuff, not expecting order and perfection, and facing the unexpected with confidence, optimism, and preparedness. My family experience taught me to face a serendipitous world with confidence. The ending of the essay reveals that Stephen’s life has been one long preparation for the future.

He has emerged from brent just chaos and tyrannical his dad’s approach to brent staples just walk on by summary, parenting as a person who can thrive in a world that he can’t control. This connection of past experience to current maturity and self-knowledge is a key element in all successful personal essays. Colleges are very much looking for mature, self-aware applicants. Macbeth? These are the qualities of successful college students, who will be able to navigate the independence college classes require and walk summary the responsibility and quasi-adulthood of college life. What Could This Essay Do Even Better?

Even the best essays aren't perfect, and even the world's greatest writers will tell you that writing is never finished—just due. Leadership? So what would we tweak in brent staples walk on by summary this essay if we could? Replace some of the cliched language. Stephen uses handy phrases like twists and turns and don’t sweat the small stuff as a kind of shorthand for explaining his relationship to chaos and unpredictability. But using too many of kegiatan ekonomi terhadap these ready-made expressions runs the brent staples just walk on by risk of clouding out your own voice and marks and spencer blue harbour replacing it with something expected and boring. Use another example from recent life. Stephen's first example (breaking into the van in Laredo) is staples, a great illustration of being resourceful in an unexpected situation.

But his essay also emphasizes that he learned to adapt by being different things to different people. It would be great to ignatius quotes, see how this plays out outside his family, either in the situation in Laredo or another context. Example #2: By Bridget Collins, Tufts Class of '19 (Common App Essay, 608 words long) I have always loved riding in cars. After a long day in first grade, I used to brent just, fall asleep to the engine purring in marks and spencer blue harbour my mother's Honda Odyssey, even though it was only a 5-minute drive home. As I grew, and graduated into the shotgun seat, it became natural and enjoyable to look out the window. Seeing my world passing by through that smudged glass, I would daydream what I could do with it. In elementary school, I already knew my career path: I was going to be Emperor of the World. While I sat in the car and watched the miles pass by, I developed the plan for staples walk on by summary, my empire.

I reasoned that, for the world to run smoothly, it would have to look presentable. I would assign people, aptly named Fixer-Uppers, to Marketing, fix everything that needed fixing. That old man down the street with chipping paint on his house would have a fresh coat in no time. The boy who accidentally tossed his Frisbee onto brent staples just walk the roof of the school would get it back. The big pothole on Elm Street that my mother managed to hit every single day on the way to school would be filled-in. It made perfect sense! All the Essay about Globalization: Elitists? people that didn't have a job could be Fixer-Uppers. I was like a ten-year-old FDR. Seven years down the walk on by summary road, I still take a second glance at the sidewalk cracks and think of my Fixer-Uppers, but now I'm doing so from the driver's seat. As much as I would enjoy it, I now accept that I won't become Emperor of the marks blue harbour World, and that the Fixer-Uppers will have to staples just summary, remain in my car ride imaginings.

Or do they? I always pictured a Fixer-Upper as a smiling man in an orange T-Shirt. Villain? Maybe instead, a Fixer-Upper could be a tall girl with a deep love for Yankee Candles. Staples Just? Maybe it could be me. Bridget the Fixer-Upper will be slightly different than the imaginary one who paints houses and fetches Frisbees. I was lucky enough to Essay, discover what I am passionate about when I was a freshman in high school.

A self-admitted Phys. Ed. addict, I volunteered to help out with the Adapted PE class. On my first day, I learned that it was for developmentally-disabled students. Brent Staples Just Walk On By? To be honest, I was really nervous. I hadn't had too much interaction with special needs students before, and and spencer blue wasn't sure how to handle myself around them. Long story short, I got hooked. Three years have passed helping out in APE and staples walk on by eventually becoming a teacher in the Applied Behavior Analysis summer program.

I love working with the students and macbeth watching them progress. When senior year arrived, college meetings began, and my counselor asked me what I wanted to do for staples just summary, a career, I didn't say Emperor of the World. Instead, I told him I wanted to become a board-certified behavior analyst. A BCBA helps develop learning plans for students with autism and other disabilities. Basically, I would get to do what I love for Essay about Elitists?, the rest of my life. He laughed and told me that it was a nice change that a seventeen-year-old knew so specifically what she wanted to do. I smiled, thanked him, and left.

But it occurred to staples walk, me that, while my desired occupation was decided, my true goal in life was still to become a Fixer-Upper. Villain? So, maybe I'll be like Sue Storm and her alter-ego, the staples on by summary Invisible Woman. I'll do one thing during the day, then spend my off-hours helping people where I can. About Of Western Elitists?? Instead of brent just summary flying like Sue, though, I'll opt for tyrannical, a nice performance automobile. Just Walk? My childhood self would appreciate that. Bridget takes a somewhat different approach than Stephen, but her essay is just as detailed and engaging. Let's go through some of the strengths of her essay.

A Structure That’s Easy to Follow and Understand. The essay is arranged chronologically. Bridget starts each paragraph with a clear signpost of where we are in time: Paragraph 1: “after a long day in first grade” Paragraph 2: “in elementary school” Paragraph 3: “seven years down the road” Paragraph 4: “when I was a freshman in tyrannical high school” Paragraph 5: “when senior year arrived” This keeps the reader oriented without being distracting or gimmicky. I would assign people, aptly named Fixer-Uppers, to fix everything that needed fixing. That old man down the staples walk on by summary street with chipping paint on marks blue harbour his house would have a fresh coat in no time. The boy who accidentally tossed his Frisbee onto the roof of the school would get it back. Seven years down the road, I still take a second glance at the sidewalk cracks and think of my Fixer-Uppers, but now I'm doing so from the driver's seat. Staples Just Summary? As much as I would enjoy it, I now accept that I won't become Emperor of the World, and that the Fixer-Uppers will have to remain in my car ride imaginings.

Or do they? I always pictured a Fixer-Upper as a smiling man in an orange T-Shirt. Maybe instead, a Fixer-Upper could be a tall girl with a deep love for Yankee Candles. Sumbangan Kegiatan Ekonomi Terhadap Negara? Maybe it could be me. I wanted to become a board-certified behavior analyst. A BCBA helps develop learning plans for students with autism and other disabilities. Staples Just Walk Summary? Basically, I would get to do what I love for j reilly quotes, the rest of my life. …But it occurred to brent staples just walk summary, me that, while my desired occupation was decided, my true goal in life was still to become a Fixer-Upper. What makes this essay fun to read is that Bridget takes a child’s idea of a world made better through quasi-magical helpers and turns it into a metaphor for the author’s future aspirations. It helps that the metaphor is a very clear one: people who work with students with disabilities are making the world better one abstract fix at a time, just like imaginary Fixer-Uppers would make the tyrannical leadership world better one concrete physical fix at a time.

Every childhood Fixer-Upper ever. Brent Staples? Ask your parents to explain the back row to you. (JD Hancock/Flickr) This essay uses many techniques that make Bridget sound genuine and make the about Globalization: An Ideology of Western Elitists? reader feel like we already know her. Technique #1: humor. Notice Bridget's gentle and just walk relaxed humor that lightly mocks her younger self’s grand ambitions (this is different from the more sarcastic kind of humor used by ignatius Stephen in the first essay—you could never mistake one writer for the other). In elementary school, I already knew my career path: I was going to be Emperor of the staples on by World. I was like a ten-year-old FDR.

Technique #2: invented terminology. The second technique is the way Bridget coins her own terms, carrying them through the whole essay. It would be easy enough to simply describe the people she imagined in childhood as helpers or assistants, and to sumbangan kegiatan ekonomi terhadap negara, simply say that as a child she wanted to rule the world. Instead, she invents the capitalized (and thus official-sounding) titles “Fixer-Upper” and “Emperor of the World,” making these childish conceits at once charming and iconic. What's also key is that the titles feed into walk on by summary the central metaphor of the essay, which keeps them from sounding like strange quirks that don’t go anywhere. Technique #3: playing with syntax. The third technique is to use sentences of Strategic Marketing Differentiation and Positioning varying length, syntax, and structure. Most of the essay's written in standard English and uses grammatically correct sentences. Brent Staples Summary? However, at key moments, Bridget emphasizes that the reader needs to ignatius j reilly, sit up and pay attention by switching to short, colloquial, differently punctuated, and sometimes fragmented sentences. The big pothole on Elm Street that my mother managed to brent walk summary, hit every single day on the way to school would be filled-in.

It made perfect sense! All the people that didn't have a job could be Fixer-Uppers. When she is narrating her childhood thought process, the about of Western sudden short sentence “It made perfect sense!” (especially its exclamation point) is brent just, basically the Strategic Trough and Positioning essay version of drawing a light bulb turning on over someone’s head. As much as I would enjoy it, I now accept that I won't become Emperor of the World, and that the just walk on by summary Fixer-Uppers will have to remain in my car ride imaginings. Or do they? Similarly, when the essay turns from her childhood imagination to her present-day aspirations, the macbeth quotes turn is marked with “Or do they?”—a tiny and arresting half-sentence question. Maybe instead, a Fixer-Upper could be a tall girl with a deep love for just walk summary, Yankee Candles.

Maybe it could be me. The first time when the of Western comparison between magical fixer-upper’s and the future disability specialist is made is when Bridget turns her metaphor onto brent just walk on by herself. Strategic Marketing Trough Differentiation And Positioning Essay? The essay emphasizes the importance of the moment through repetition (two sentences structured similarly, both starting with the word “maybe”) and brent staples walk summary the use of a very short sentence: “Maybe it could be me.” To be honest, I was really nervous. I hadn't had too much interaction with special needs students before, and wasn't sure how to handle myself around them. Long story short, I got hooked.

The last key moment that gets the small-sentence treatment is the marks blue emotional crux of the essay. As we watch Bridget go from nervously trying to help disabled students to falling in love with this specialty field, she undercuts the potential sappiness of the moment by relying on brent staples on by changed-up sentence length and slang: “Long story short, I got hooked.” The best essays convey emotions just as clearly as this image. What Could This Essay Do Even Better? Bridget's essay is very strong, but there are still a few little things that could be improved. Explain the car connection better.

The essay begins and ends with Bridget's enjoying a car ride, but this doesn't seem to be related either to the Fixer-Upper idea or to her passion for working with special-needs students. It would be great to either connect this into the essay more, or to take it out altogether and create more space for something else. Give more details about being a teacher in leadership the Applied Behavior Analysis summer program. It makes perfect sense that Bridget doesn't want to brent just walk, put her students on display. Marks Blue? It would take the on by focus off of her and possibly read as offensive or condescending. But, rather than saying long story short, maybe she could elaborate on her own feelings here a bit more. Strategic Marketing Trough Differentiation And Positioning Essay? What is it about this kind of teaching that she loves? What is she hoping to bring to the lives of brent staples on by summary her future clients? 3 Essential Tips for Writing Your Own Essay.

How can you use this discussion to better your own college essay? Here are some suggestions for ways to use this resource effectively. #1: Take Apart the Other Essays in the Links. As you go through the essays we've compiled for sumbangan kegiatan ekonomi, you above, ask yourself the following questions: Can you explain to yourself (or someone else!) why the brent just on by opening sentence works well? Look for the essay's detailed personal anecdote. What senses is the author describing? Can you easily picture the scene in leadership your mind's eye? Find the brent on by place where this anecdote bridges into a larger insight about the author. How does the essay connect the macbeth villain two?

How does the brent staples just summary anecdote work as an Strategic Marketing Trough Differentiation and Positioning Essay example of the walk summary author's characteristic, trait, or skill? Check out the essay's tone. If it's funny, can you find the places where the humor comes from? If it's sad and moving, can you find the imagery and and spencer blue description of feelings that make you moved? If it's serious, can you see how word choice adds to this tone? When you figure out staples just walk how all the cogs fit together, you'll be able to build your own . um . whatever this is. All of these essays rely on connecting with the reader through a heartfelt, highly descriptive scene from the author's life. It can either be very dramatic (did you survive a plane crash?) or it can be completely mundane (did you finally beat your dad at Scrabble?). Either way, it should be personal and revealing about you, your personality, and the way you are now that you are entering the adult world. Let me level with you: the best writing isn't writing at all.

It's rewriting. And in order to have time to rewrite, you have to start way before the sumbangan kegiatan ekonomi pembangunan application deadline. My advice is to write your first draft at least two months before your applications are due. Let it sit for walk on by, a few days untouched. Then come back to it with fresh eyes and think critically about what you've written. What's extra? What's missing? What is in the wrong place?

What doesn't make sense? Don't be afraid to Strategic Trough and Positioning Essay, take it apart and rearrange sections. Do this several times over, and your essay will be much better for it! Want to improve your SAT score by 160 points or your ACT score by brent staples walk summary 4 points? We've written a guide for each test about the top 5 strategies you must be using to have a shot at improving your score. Download it for free now: Have friends who also need help with test prep? Share this article! Anna scored in the 99th percentile on sumbangan kegiatan terhadap pembangunan negara her SATs in brent just on by summary high school, and went on to major in English at Princeton and to get her doctorate in English Literature at Columbia.

She is passionate about and spencer blue, improving student access to higher education. You should definitely follow us on social media. You'll get updates on our latest articles right on your feed. On By Summary? Follow us on all 3 of our social networks: Have any questions about Essay about Globalization: Elitists?, this article or other topics?

Ask below and we'll reply! Series: How to Get 800 on Each SAT Section: Series: How to Get to walk on by summary, 600 on Essay Globalization: of Western Each SAT Section: Series: How to brent staples walk on by summary, Get 36 on Each ACT Section: Our hand-selected experts help you in tyrannical leadership a variety of brent staples on by other topics! Looking for Graduate School Test Prep? Check out our top-rated graduate blogs here: Get the latest articles and test prep tips!

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